Theatre

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Traditional Western theatre, beginning with the ancient Greeks, was divided into comedy and tragedy. A tragedy typically ended with the death or destruction of a fictional or historical hero, whereas a comedy focused on the lives of middle to lower class characters and ended with their success.in this essay I want to make comparison between the European theatre and the Middle east theatre the first playwrite Oscar Wilde and his work “the importance of being earnest”.the second one is Tawfik El Hakim and his famous play”the fate of cockroaches”.

The Importance of Being Earnest was written by playwright / novelist / poet and all around literary genius, Oscar Wilde (Dublin 1854- Paris 1900) The true name of Oscar Wilde was Oscar Fingall O´Flahertie Wills Wilde, he was the son of the surgeon William Wilde and the writer Jane Francesca Elgee, he went to the Royal School and to the Trinity College of Dublin. Thanks to his talent and personal delight he soon did himself a place on the literary world of London as an essayist and poet. The plays It premiered in London in 1895 at St. James’s Theatre. Set in London and the English countryside during the late 19th century, The Importance of Being Earnest is a both a whimsical romantic comedy as well as a sharp-witted satire of Victorian society. “ The Importance of Being Earnest” is one of the most known plays of Oscar Wilde, is the most brilliant of all his comedies, through the absurd of the action and very sharp dialogues, the virtuosity and the exaggerated sentimentalist are exposed to the liberation of laugh. Wilde plays with the sense of the sentence, since - The importance of being earnest - can have two meanings, in one hand, it can mean to have a fixed name, in this case, the name of Ernest; in the other hand it can mean to be self-sufficient, talking about money; the reader can choose between these two options because they are different in writing but equal in pronunciation. The play Begins in a flat in London then proceeds to a manor house in the countryside in the late 1800's. Two men, John Jack Earnest Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff, use the deception [a Bunbury] that both their names were Ernest, in order to secure marriage to the women they love, Gwendolen Fairfax and Cecily Cardew. Then there is the ultimate unraveling of their lies, which still ends in their impending nuptials.Cast of Key CharactersJohn Jack Ernest Worthing"Bon-vivant" [Jack to Algernon 2] Algernon is asking Jack what brought him to town. Jack has come to town to get away from his responsibilities in the country, his ward Cecily, and to see Gwendolen, whom he wishes to propose marriage. In order to do this he has committed the Bunbury that he has come to see his brother, Ernest, who doesn't exist. He wishes to enjoy the pleasures before attending to his guardian duties. Quote: "When one is in town one amuses oneself. When one is in the country one amuses other people. It is excessively boring.""Curmudgeon" [Jack to Algernon 3] Jack has come to propose to Gwendolen. Which is the express reason behind his lying about his name being Ernest. Algy feels that is business not pleasure. Jack thinks it is utterly unromantic. Algernon says he will forget about romance when he is married. Though Algy doesn't know it yet when he sees Cecily he will shed this view. Jack feels that the view Algernon has, others do also a...

The Importance of Being Earnest is an accomplished parody of the conventions of comedy. It also contains numerous examples of Oscar Wilde's most characteristic stylistic device: the paradox. The present essay deals with the connection between these two features of the play. In my view, the massive presence of both parody and paradox in Wilde's masterpiece is not coincidental; they are linked by a number of significant similarities. I will analyse these similarities and show that, in The Importance of Being Earnest, parody and paradox enter into a connection that is essential...
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