The U.S. News Media Too: Much Freedom? Or Not Enough?
What is freedom of the press?
* Encapsulated in the bill of rights (first amendment).
* “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freed of speech, or of the press, or the rights of people to peaceably assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. “ * You have responsibility for your speech and your publication; individuals have the right in the face of the collective, as unpopular as the words are. * Benjamin Franklin = printers know that if both sides of the story are told its good * James Madison = some degree of abuse is inseparable from the proper use of everything, and in no instance is this more true than in that of the press * Under the magna carta, sovereignty was reserved to the parliament, under the constitution that power comes from the people * Alien and Sedition Acts
* John edams signs them into law in 1798
* Aimed at trying to prevent immigrants from rising up against US government, when their home nation gets into a war with the US * Espionage act (1917)
* Sets new penalties including death, for anyone who violates government secrecy * A person is guilty if “obtaining or delivering information” you’re not supposed to have * Near v. Minnesota (1931)
* Near prints story about Minnesota officials having links with illicit business * They shut him down, and Near challenges the injunction, but loses case, and is not permitted to print ANYTHING * Near goes to the state supreme court and he is allowed to print, so long as it does not damage the welfare of the city * He goes to the US supreme court, and wins
* “Every man has a right to publish what he wishes and if it be defamatory and libelous, suffer the consequences later”. – Justice Louis Brandeis * “the fact that the liberty of...
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