The Youth and the Culture of Globalization
Prof. Adib Akeil Faculty of Letters-Department of Sociology
A-The Methodology of the Study : 1-The Problem of the Study : The word "Globalization" has been widely used in the last ten years of the last century especially after the collapse of the Soviet Union .Globalization as a phenomena, however, is not new for it dates back to five centuries ago .Globalization appeared clearly in a period a little more than ten years and was based in the USA after the collapse of the socialist bloc .It was the globalization of Post-Modernism NeoLiberalism and the emergence of the industrial society .Thus globalization moved in rapid leaps skipping time phases especially after the Information and communication revolution, the arm race, the unipolar hegemony over third-world countries and countries of the previous socialist bloc . Globalization was introduced at the beginning as a modernizing aspect that brings about changes in the scientific, cultural and political fields that aims at linking economic and technological advancement and associating things to to establish a new global civilization that is in the interests of the global centre that produces technology and leads the phenomena of the flow of commodities, services, construction and other things prevailing in western countries, especially America , to other countries and third world countries in particular. And we believe that globalization especially cultural globalization has different impacts .Because at first glance, the concept of globalization calls for the unification of ideas, values and ways of thinking among different peoples of the world as a means providing a broad area of mutual understanding and bringing people closer and securing world peace and these are all goals worth respect and appreciation .This triggered more inquiries about globalization; its nature, facts, illusions, advantages, disadvantages and how to deal with it. Thus, we see that globalization, especially cultural one, has different echoes. Because on the one hand, some people considered globalization a natural phenomena in the context of human advancement and confronting it is of no use. Moreover, they consider it necessary to provide appropriate environment for globalization to accelerate adapting and dealing with it. On the other hand, there are some people who opposed globalization and considered it a capitalist phenomena seeking to control the world under humanitarian slogans and concepts .The glory of these slogans and concepts ,however, conceals other dangerous tendencies aiming at usurping those 1
peoples of their peculiar cultural constituents and subjecting them to the one sole culture of the unipolar. This is due to the fact that this unipolar owns advanced media and communication technology which has the strongest impact on other cultures of the world. This globalization will eliminate cultural and historical traditions of different peoples and will eventually destroy civilization for the sake of the unipolar .Consequently, it will create clash and contradiction and produce social, cultural and political crisis in the name of freedom , justice, equality, dialogue …etc. The greatest danger of globalization was clear in its impact on the cultural arena paving the way to Americanizing the world and monopolizing it through spreading American culture and marginalizing national cultures of peoples and substituting them by consumptive cultures and spreading carelessness, passiveness, non-commitment to any cause whatsoever and distracting attention from core issues and involving the youth in useless marginal issues and depending on a foreign and hybrid culture such as lying , tattling, hypocrisy…etc. In our country, some people believe that globalization, especially cultural one, has different reactions. For some people, globalization is a healthy phenomena that we can't distance ourselves from or stand against and we must focus on reviving...
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