The Words Art Historian Use!

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The Words Art Historian Use: Art Terms

FORM: Refers to an object’s shape and structure, either in two dimensions (ex: a figure painted) or three dimensions (ex: a statue carved)

COMPOSTION: Refers to how an artist organizes (compose) forms in an artwork, either by placing shapes on a flat surface or by arranging forms in space.

MATERIAL: To create art forms, artists shape materials (pigment, clay, stone, gold etc.) with tools (pen, brushes, chisels, and so forth) Each of the materials and tools available has its own potentialities and limitations.

TECHNIQUE: The process artist employ such as applying paint to silk with a brush, and the distinctive, personal ways they handle materials constitute their technique.

LINE: MOST IMPORTANT ELEMENTS DEFINING ARTWORK’S SHAPE OR FORM is line. The path of a point moving in space, an invisible line of sight.

COLOR: Light reveals all colors. As the sum of all wavelengths composing the visible spectrum, natural light may be disassembled or fragmented into the individual colors of the spectral band.

TEXTURE: Refers to the quality of a surface, such as rough or shiny.

SPACE: The bounded or boundless “ container” of objects.

MASS: The bulk, density, and weight of matter in space. VOLUME and MASS describe both the exterior and interior forms of a work of art.

CARVING & CASTING: Carving is a subtractive technique. The final form is a reduction of the original mass. In additive sculpture, the artist builds up the forms, usually in clay around a framework. Or a sculptor may fashion a mold, hollow form for shaping, or casting.

RELIEF SCULPTURE: The subjects project from the background but remain part of it.

PERSPECTIVE AND FORESHORTENING: Perspective is A device to create the illusion of depth or space on a two dimensional surface. Foreshortening is when an object appears compressed when seen from a particular viewpoint, and the effect of perspective causes distortion.

PROPORTION AND SCALE:...
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