The War of the Roses

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  • Topic: Wars of the Roses, Edward IV of England, House of York
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British Studies
THE WAR OF THE ROSES

• Introduction
• Name of The War of the Roses
• Famous people in The War of the Roses
• Causes of The War of the Roses
• The War of the Roses
• The result and impact of The War of the Roses
• The summary
• Bibliography

I. INTRODUCTION

T
he Middle Age considers one of the most exciting periods in English history. One of the most historical events of medieval era is the Wars of the Roses in the fifteenth century. The Hundred Years’ War , in which England lost practically all its lands in France, ended in 1453, but there was no peace in the country. The feudal struggle had broken out and the atmosphere in this country was instable and uncertain leading to the civil war in the fifteenth century. The War of the Roses was a series of dynastic civil war for the throne of England between supporters of two rival branches of the royal house Plantagenet: the house of Lancaster (whose badge was red rose) and York (whose badge was white house) from 1455-1485. These thirty years of warfare was even more destructive to England the Hundred years’ War that had been in the previous century. (Most of the fighting in the Hundred Years’ War took place in France, which meant most of the military damage affected in French peasantry rather than the English. In the War of the Roses, most of the fighting occurred in England, and thus the loss of the life and property was much greater for England citizens). Why was the called The War of the Roses? Why did the War of the Roses happen? How it happened? And what was the result? There are many interesting things about this famous war. Let’ discover together.

II. THE NAME OF THE WAR OF THE ROSES:
❖ It is really an exciting name. Why was called the war of the roses? This name was given to the Wars by Tudor historians. The name "Wars of the Roses" refers to the Heraldic badges associated with the two royal houses, the White Rose of York and the Red Rose of Lancaster. [pic]

❖ However, it is not thought to have been used during the time of the wars. - The White Rose was one of the many emblems which were used by King Edward IV as a symbol of his father's right to some lands and a castle in the North. Generally he preferred to use the emblem of the sun and its rays, a reference to the three suns which appeared at the dawn of the day of the battle of Mortimer's Cross 1461.The White Rose only later became accepted as the symbol of the House of York, particularly when Elizabeth of York married King Henry VII, but before then other emblems were in general use by the Yorkists. - The Red Rose was the emblem of the House of Tudor, and the Tudors only played a substantial part in the Wars during their final stages. The king Henry Tudor united the two roses to create the Tudor ‘rose which contain both white rose and red rose after marrying Elizabeth of the York. → That‘s why the war between them got the name the War of the Roses.

III. FAMOUS PEOPLE RELATING TO THE WAR OF THE ROSES
❖ During the war of the Roses, there are kings or Dukes who contributed main roles in the war. Let’ begin our discovery with the first king of the house Lancaster.

• THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER

1. THE KING HENRY IV

Reign: 30 September 1399 – 20 March 1413

Coronation: 13 October 1399

Predecessor: Richard II

Successor: Henry V

Henry IV was King of England and Lord of Ireland (1399–1413). He was the ninth King of England of the House of Plantagenet. He became the first King of England from the Lancaster branch of the Plantagenet, one of the two family branches that were belligerents in the War of the Roses.

2. THE KING HENRY V

Reign: 20 March 1413 – 31 August 1422

Coronation: 9 April 1413

Predecessor: Henry IV

Successor: Henry VI

Henry V was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 35 in 1422. He was the second English monarch who came from the House of Lancaster. After military...
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