The War for Independence and the Arab Israeli Conflict

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  • Topic: Israel, Syria, Golan Heights
  • Pages : 3 (1078 words )
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  • Published : March 12, 2011
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The Israeli war for independence in 1948 begun when David Ben Gurion announced the establishment of the state of Israel on May 5th; and had a significant effect on events thereafter, all the way to the 6 day war of 1967, and beyond. When Gurion proclaimed the state of Israel, the Arab states where infuriated, immediately seeking to destroy this new country, because they viewed it as a ploy by western powers, such as the USA, to secure a foothold in the Middle East, and Israel was cast as the stooge of the USA by its neighbours. From the beginning, both sides immediately attempted to seize territory. Israel claimed a large majority of the state, while Arab forces captured, most notably, the Gaza strip, now held by Egypt through the Sinai Peninsula. The central hills of Palestine were annexed by Jordan and labelled the West Bank, lying between Israel and Jordan that is to the east. Finally the Golan Heights, to the north, were captured by Syria. They had been hustling for control of the area for a long time, and finally they had seized it. Israel would later seize control of all of these areas in the six day war, as well as crippling all the countries which held them Throughout the Israeli war for independence, there were horrific acts committed by both sides. The radical Israeli groups; the Stern and Irgun gangs, massacred the Palestinian village of Deir Yassin, killing over 240 people. In retaliation to this horrific event, Arab forces killed 77 Israeli medical personnel. Terrible acts like this continued throughout the war. The war for independence ended in February 1949 when a ceasefire was finally signed by all parties . Israel had a Jewish population of six hundred and fifty thousand people . Over six thousand soldiers were killed in the war; while it is estimated that there were some ten to fifteen thousand Arab casualties. There was now a massive gap between Arab and Israelis, widened by mistrust and hostility. As well as the massive Arab casualties;...
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