The Pilgrims of Leiden, Holland were separatist (those who separated from The Church of England) who came to America in search of "a better life."
The Pilgrims separated from The Church of England because the church was too strict. They were told that they had to go to the church the government picked. This form of dictatorship was called "State Church." If one went against the states church they would have been arrested and thrown in jail. They were then tortured in an effort to make them changed their beliefs. If this was unsuccessful, they were put to death in very painful ways such as being hung, burned, or death by intense weight. Those who separated and were later called "Pilgrims," felt that the Anglican Church they were attending needed to be altered slightly or changed completely. They felt that members should be allowed to in a way that was fairly simple and without the rituals and symbols. They felt that the church in the New Testament was the perfect example of the church they would need for their peaceful worships. (Duane A. Cline)
On 1608, the Pilgrims began their Voyage to America and to their new home. They came to America on The Mayflower and The Speedwell. The Speedwell was a small ship from the Netherlands, which carried the Pilgrims to Southampton, England where they then met the very larger Mayflower. The Mayflower weighted 180 tuns. Tuns were not the tons of America, which is equivalent to the value of 2,000 lbs, but were the name for their barrels, which was equivalent to the value of about 26 gallons. So 180 tuns meant that it could hold 180 barrels fully loaded. The Mayflower as stated was well equipped for the task at hand. But, The Speedwell, on the other hand, was not so welled equipped. As the Voyage began all was well, but on August 15, 1620 a storm hit the two boats and the voyage was put to a slight halt because of the leaky conditions of The Speedwell. After changes to the Speedwell, they set sail again but, was again delayed...
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