The Vietnam War

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The Vietnam War

 
 

-A History project-

Nadine Gan, Grade 9

Part One. The Overview
History ~ French Indochina ~ Vietnamisation ~ Epilogue Vietnam  was
 a
 part
 of
 the
 French
 colony,
 Indo-­‐China.
 Then
 at
 September
  1940,
  the
  Japanese
  decided
  to
  invade
  Vietnam
  to
  prevent
  China
  from
  sending
  supplies
  through
  French
  Indo-­‐China.
  Having
  invaded
  by
  France
  and
  Japan,
  Vietnam
  did
  not
  have
  any
  power
  over
  its
  own
  territory
  and
  added
  with
  the
  famine
  and
  the
  local
  Vietnamese
  suffering,
  at
  May 19, 1941, the
 Vietnamese
 formed
 a
 communist
 resistance
 organization,
 Viet
  Minh
  or
  NVA
  (North
  Vietnamese
  Army)
  that
  was
  led
  by
  the
  infamous
  Ho
  Chi
  Minh,
  a
  communist
  himself.
  A
  few
  months
  passed
  by
  and
  the
  Chinese
 agreed
 to
 leave
 but
 negotiations
 between
 France
 and
 Vietnam
  broke
  down
  quickly
  and
  caused
  a
  war
  that
  lasted
  almost
  8
  years.
  This
  war
 was
 called
 The
 First
 Indo-­‐China
 War. The
  Viet
  Minh
  that
  claimed
  to
  have
  500,000
  men,
  fought
  hard
  against
  the
  French
  for
  independence.
  Ho
  Chi
  Minh
  attacked
  the
  French
  by
  Guerilla
  Warfare,
  where
  they
  attack
  in
  very
  small
  groups
  so
  that
  they
  would
 be
 able
 to
 hide
 behind
 the
 trees
 after
 attacking
 the
 French
 troops.
 
 
 
  By
 time,
 the
 Viet
 Minh
 grasped
 victory
 while
 the
 French
 accepted
 their
  unsurprising
 result,
 a
 loss.
 This
 sent
 the
 French
 troops
 home.
  By
  1949,
  China
  began
  to
  support
  the
  Viet
  Minh.
  USA
  who
  disagreed
  to
  let
  French
  troops
  reinvade
  Vietnam,
  doubted
  their
  decision.
  They
  saw
  Vietnam
 as
 a
 threat
 as
 it
 has
 a
 major
 possibility
 that
 the
 Viet
 Minh
 will
  transform
  Vietnam
  into
  their
  nemesis,
  a
  communist
  country.
  They
  had
  to
 follow
 Truman
 Doctrine,
 helping
 countries
 that
 are
 under
 the
 control
  of
 communism
 in
 order
 to
 stop
 the
 spread
 of
 communism.
 Response
 of
  the
 USA
 included
 sending
 back
 the
 troops
 of
 French
 with
 a
 fee
 of
 $500
  million
  a
  year
  and
  forming
  a
  non-­‐communist
  colony
  in
  the
  south
  of
  Vietnam
 that
 was
 led
 by
 Ngo
 Dinh
 Diem.
  However,
 a
 humiliating
 event
 was
 held
 at
 Dien
 Bien
 Phu.
 French
 troops
  planned
 to
 stop
 the
 provision
 of
 supplies
 for
 their
 neighbouring
 country,
  Laos.
  With
  this
  blockade,
  Laos
  will
  draw
  the
  Viet
  Minh
  a
  confrontation
  that
  would
  cripple
  the
  Viet
  Minh.
  However,
  the
  French
  troops
  weren’t
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