BOOK: THE NECESSITY OF ETHICAL ABSOLUTES
AUTHOR: ERWIN W. LUTZER,
PUBLISHER: - ZONDERVAN PUBLISHING HOUSE
COURSE: - CHRISTIAN BUSINESS ETHICS
LECTURER: PASTOR A.Y.A. BRIANDT-COKER
READING REPORT ON THE NECESSITY OF ETHICAL ABSOLUTES
Ethics can be properly understood only in light of the value placed upon the human species. Without adequate respect for human life, moral absolutes must disintegrate. No one can deny that moral valuations are changing. One of the most obvious changes in moral standards has occurred in the area of area of human sexuality. Pornography is readily available today to almost anyone (young). Contraceptives can be easily be easily be purchased and books describes in great details the proper procedures for having multiple sexual encounters. In the past, moral principles were frequently instilled by calling attention to the penalty involved if the moral code were violated. In Herskovits’s view, whatever a society accepts or rejects at a certain point in time becomes the standard for morality. He believes then, that cultural relativism is a necessary moral stance in light of the evidence. Cultural relativism claims to be based on scientific views of morals. Concerning the basis of moals, we noted earlier that Flew describes morality as being rooted in human needs and human inclinations. He explains that human is significant, thus being part of nature which has become consicious, capable of love and understanding are human needs. Absolutes or absolute values are the basic criteria for judging actions.
Behaviorism is discussed in chapter four. Sociobiologists believed that humans are controlled by their genes and as such, our genes dictate our acts. Behavioral scientist Plato and philosopher Descartes agree that human beings are made of matter and mind (soul). Descartes, however, faced some problems of which his explanations were not accepted worldwide. Emotive ethics...