The Use of Public Spaces

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  • Topic: Public library, Urban design, Sidewalk
  • Pages : 4 (820 words )
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  • Published : May 1, 2013
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Squares, details, Gehl

Landmarks
• Point of reference (for the orientation!): how do we orient, find point of references in the (built) environment (e. g. on the way home)? • Some landmarks are distant ones, seen from many angles and distances • Other ones are primarily local, being visible only in restricted localities and from certain approaches (they are depending on the subject!). Signs, store fronts, trees, doorknobs, and other urban detail.

Nods
• Junctions, places of break in transportation • Crossings or convergence of paths, moments of shift from one structure to another • Or nods may be simply condensations of some use or physical character. Some of these condensations can be the focus and symbol of a district • Many nods partake of the nature of both junctions and concentrations • Connections to other elements: paths, districts and landmarks.

Form
• Formal/informal: the very first and general categorisation of public spaces (streets and squares) • Different classification from the point of view of the design. • Geometry: the square, the circle and the triangle (Krier) • Organization, defining elements (closed, dominated, nuclear, grouped, amorphous squares)

Squares
• Classifications of squares
– According to form – According to use

Paul Zucker (1959)
• Town and Square: From the Agora to the Village Green • The closed square • The dominated square • The nuclear square • The grouped square • The amorphous square

Rob Krier (1975)
• Der Stadtraum / Urban Space (1979) • Three main groups according to the geometrical pattern of their ground plan.” • Square – circle – triangel • Problem: the erosion of urban space,

Moving, staying, sitting in the city
• Three types of outdoor activities
– Necessary activities, under all conditions (going to school or to work, shopping, waiting for a bus, running errands) – Optional activities, only under favorable exterior conditions (taking a walk to get a breath of fresh air, standing...
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