IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS FROM For the Record
FIVE of the following will appear in Part A of the Final Exam. You will identify and discuss the significance to American history of TWO of them. (10 marks).
1. George Washington - Letters about Shays’ Rebellion (1786) – p.150 -George Washington wrote this letter addressing Shays’ Rebellion and the danger of disunion among the states. -He was writing to tell them that the Republic they had just fought for was in danger of collapsing in on itself. He wants there to be a strong centralized government, but not infringing on the rights of the people. - If states don’t start working/thinking together as country then country might collapse -Washington recognized that if America didn't get its act together then Great Britain, seeking revenge and seeing our moment of weakness might take advantage of the situation and reconquer us. -Washington warned that if the colonies kept their attitude of acting in the interest of their state not their country then the Republic will fall on itself 2. Thomas Jefferson - from First Inaugural Address (1801) p. 201 - Jefferson believed that election was as consequential as the Declaration of Independence, for it marked the first time in modern history that a government surrendered its power via popular election. -Ballots replaced bullets. The party voted out of office left voluntarily and was not persecuted. -The address applies the principles of the American founding to the momentous occasion of a presidential election and interprets those principles in a sketch of the limited government political philosophy of the Democratic Republican Party. -Jefferson praised a minimal federal government, one that restrained men from injuring one another and left them free to lead their lives. The “sum of good government” is a modest goal that can fulfill human happiness, which lies principally in the work of individual citizens. These patriots give this nation—“the world’s best hope”—“the strongest Government on earth.” -But Jefferson did not deny to the “General Government” its “whole constitutional vigor”—which he would later show in making the Louisiana Purchase. -He avowed a federalism affirming “State governments in all their rights” as a shield against “antirepublican tendencies” and the federal government “in its whole constitutional vigor, as the sheet anchor of our peace at home and safety abroad.” -In all its tensions and partisanship, Jefferson’s first inaugural blends the glorious American past of Washington and other heroes into his party’s tenets. -By making his party’s victory a victory for America, the speech sets the standard for inaugural addresses and for great partisan speeches.
3. John Quincy Adams - Reflections on the Missouri Question (1820) – p.234 - Goes over how and who brought forth the idea of slavery not being allowed in the new state of Missouri, also goes over who was in favor of slavery in Missouri and who wasn’t and the argument that people made in congress - Talks about how division between congress and the nation is nearly the same, He gives the arguments of both sides- Free side believes it the moral and political duty of preventing extension of slavery from the Mississippi river to the south sea, while Pro- slavery argued that the congress had no power by the constitution to prohibit slavery in any state nor territory. - Missouri comprises was that Arkansas and Missouri would be admitted in as slave states but no territory past 36, 30 would have slave -comprise past by a vote of 90-87 after many days of debate on Wednesday march 2 1820 - March 3 government agrees that they have power to prohibit slavery in any territory he himself believes that the Missouri comprise is the best way to keep the union together but believes that it would have been better to just not admit Missouri as a slave and just start a new union of 13 or 14 states that didn’t have slavery - Adams says that the Southerners like slavery because...
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