The Us Patriot Act

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The effect of US Patriot Act on Civil Liberties

Yohanness Assefa

EN101A
Prof. xxxxx
December 03, 2012

Outline

Against the USA PATRIOT Act has increased the US government power of conducting cyber surveillance, unwarranted search of homes and seizure of personal properties, and accessing and sharing of personal and financial information of citizens.

Introduction: The US Patriot Act is legislation passed by the US congress to provide the government the power to use unrestricted surveillance on citizens to fight terrorism.

I.The Patriot Act violates citizens’ civil liberties guaranteed by the constitution. II.The US constitution Amendment IV provides citizens the right to be secure in their homes and their personal effects. III.The Patriot Act allows the government to conduct unlimited electronic surveillance on its citizens A.The Patriot Act allows access and shared personal and financial information of citizens. B.The Act gives the government officials a tool to access citizens’ e-mail communication and data in their computers. C.The Patriot Act allows wiretapping of citizens’ telephone communication. D.The Patriot Act provides the government a provision to conduct unwarranted search of citizens’ homes and seizure of their personal properties. Conclusion: The US Patriot Act violates the civil liberties of citizens unconstitutionally by allowing conducting boundless surveillance, accessing and sharing personal and financial information, and searching and seizing of personal effects without warrant. The Effect of US Patriot Act on Civil Liberties

The USA PATRIOT Act is an acronym for “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism” (“USA Patriot Act”). It is a bill signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001 as a response to the September 11th terrorist attacks. The Patriot act formed “to deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and for other purposes” (“USA Patriot Act”). It is not questionable that America needs protection against terrorism; however, the US Patriot Act infringes civil liberties and violates privacy of citizens guaranteed by the constitution. The Patriot Act has increased the government power to conduct cyber surveillance, unwarranted search of homes and seizure of personal properties, and access and share of personal and financial information of individual’s against the constitution. The Act violates the civil liberties. The “Law.Dictionary.com” defined Civil liberties as:

Rights or freedoms given to the people by the First Amendment to the Constitution, by Common Law, or legislation, allowing the individual to be free to speak, think, assemble, organize, worship, or petition without government (or even private) interference or restraints. (Web)

Before the US Patriot Act signed, the government had to obtain a warrant and give notice to the person whose property was to be search or seized. It was also mandatory to have a court order to detain an individual who was suspect of a crime. However, after the Patriot Act passed by congress, the right of every American guaranteed by the constitution under Amendment IV has been violated. As stated in the constitution, the essence of the fourth Amendment is to limit the power of the government. The fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution states:

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized” (“Bill of Rights”).

The Patriot Act allows the government officials to conduct unlimited electronic surveillance on American citizens. Willie...
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