To a large extent to which the creation of the United Nations and the fundamental rights expressed in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 was driven by the atrocities that occurred during World War Two and a need to protect human rights in the future. Although the UDHR was such a might establishment it has limited success, but continues to be an organisation that holds hope. Human Rights are the entitlements and freedoms to which all humans are empowered to, such as; the freedom of speech, information, life, belief, association and in law. However Adolf Hitler saw it necessary to remove basic liberties to achieve a nation of what he thought was a ‘master race’. His visionary goals were to abolish of all minority groups as he believed, such as the Jewish people. As ruthless as he was, Hitler did not allow any obstacles to prevent his idealistic development of Germany to become an overpowering nation. This meant that he would use inhumane methods. It was then decided that there was a need to strengthen and safeguard fundamental human rights so that these atrocities would never happen again, thus the adoption of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations. Specifying that all humans are equal to one another, even though Hitler believed that there were various inferior groups that had to be exterminated. In the wise words of Eleanor Roosevelt, that stay with us till this day, “No one can make you feel inferior without your consent”.
Subsequent to the defeat in WWI, Germany adapted to a democratic nation in which all people participated in regular elections where they could support a political party in a democratic manner. Everyone had the freedom of speech, freedom of belief, freedom of information, freedom of association and freedom in law. Germany had equal protection given to all citizens of the state, with no group or groups given more preference. Nevertheless, a single man and his colossal ambitions and his faithful followers (the Nazis) turned the world on it’s head with the severity of their actions. We were all introduced to Hitler in 1923 when he attempted to start a revolution with his small group of followers, but quickly curtailed by the ruling party and with Hitler being imprisoned as a result. With good behaviour Hitler was let out after just a year in prison, after he left prison he regrouped and enlisted new members to be part of his Nazi Party. He campaigned in elections where he had little effect, however after the prosperous period of the ‘golden twenties’ the great depression struck the nation. Due to mass unemployment and hunger, people gave their support predominately to parties that promised to end the depression. As a result of this, the support for the Nazi party escalated. In 1932, the Nazi party became Germany’s largest political party, with the struggle of President Hindenburg’s campaign he had no choice but to appoint Hitler as Chancellor on the 30th of January 1933 in order to gain his support. Following the death of President Hindenburg, there was no election held, Hitler combined President and Chancellor to one single post, his new title was “Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor”. With his position as Fuhrer, Hitler began to take advantage of his new grown power to implement policies and laws to his favour. On the 23 March, Hitler proposed his first laws to the vote, it was called the “Enabling Law”. It gave Hitler the power, until 1937, to make laws without asking the parliament for approval. This enabling act gave Hitler the potential ability to become a dictator. Hitler did as such, he transformed Germany from a democracy to a totalitarian nation where there were no regular elections, no freedom of speech, information, nor legal freedom (police forces and authorities could arrest anyone with no trial) and not all religions allowed. Hitler’s aims were clear, he aspired to rebuild Germany’s ruined economy, to make Germany a powerful nation once again and finally to...
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