The United States Contitution

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The United States Contitution

By | November 2012
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The United States Constitution was the document written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that set forth the institutional purpose of United States government and the tasks these institutions performed. In this document, a legislative system was created. This legislative system was responsible for creating laws. To do this, the Framers of the Constitution created a bicameral legislature. A bicameral legislature is a legislature divided into two houses. In the United States’ bicameral legislature, or Congress, the two houses are the House of Representatives and the Senate. The United States Congress was divided into these two houses due to two issues: representation and checks and balances. Both of these houses have distinct characteristics that set them apart from each other. The Framers of the Constitution created a bicameral legislature for two reasons. One reason the Framers created this particular system was to establish a check and balance in the legislative branch. The House of Representatives and Senate cannot pass a bill unless they both agree on it. Therefore, each house can veto policies of the other house. The second reason why a bicameral legislature was created was due to disagreements on how states were to be represented in the legislature. Attempting to create equal representation in a unicameral, or single-chamber, legislature was virtually impossible. In order to compromise, the Framers decided that a bicameral legislature would be created. In the Senate, each state was guaranteed two senators. This ensured that in one house of Congress, there was equal representation, and the state as a whole would be represented. Today, due to there being 50 states, there are 100 members. In the House of Representatives, on the other hand, representatives would be based on a state’s population. This ensured that every state had a house in Congress that was based on population and that there were representatives that were closer to their constituents and their...

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