The Framers of the Constitution created a bicameral legislature for two reasons. One reason the Framers created this particular system was to establish a check and balance in the legislative branch. The House of Representatives and Senate cannot pass a bill unless they both agree on it. Therefore, each house can veto policies of the other house. The second reason why a bicameral legislature was created was due to disagreements on how states were to be represented in the legislature. Attempting to create equal representation in a unicameral, or single-chamber, legislature was virtually impossible. In order to compromise, the Framers decided that a bicameral legislature would be created. In the Senate, each state was guaranteed two senators. This ensured that in one house of Congress, there was equal representation, and the state as a whole would be represented. Today, due to there being 50 states, there are 100 members. In the House of Representatives, on the other hand, representatives would be based on a state’s population. This ensured that every state had a house in Congress that was based on population and that there were representatives that were closer to their constituents and their... [continues]
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