The United States Constitution
Our Constitution became the new framework of government to protect the liberties the American people had fought for and won in the American Revolution. There was much deliberation about the principles of republican government and those deliberation defined not only the American government but also the American character. During the debates over the ratification of our Constitution, the supporters were known as “Federalists” and the opponents as “Anti-Federalist.” The Anti-Federalists argued they were defending individual liberty, republican self-government, and the federal principle of balanced power between the national and state governments. They felt the Constitution would lead to a centralized power in the national government, a republic that was too large, a corrupt senate and judiciary, unlimited taxation, and an aristocracy (Williams 162-165). I would have joined Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay and supported the Federalists. Hamilton, Madison and Jay composed a series of eighty-five essays to generate support for Constitution; these essays appeared in newspapers and were gathered as a book, The Federalists. Hamilton and Madison repeatedly wrote the Constitution protected Americans’ liberties rather that posing a threat to remove their liberties (Foner 263). Hamilton wrote in The Federalist No. 84, the majority of the citizens felt the Union was the basis of their political happiness. Hamilton continues to state that ‘men of sense’ agree the Union cannot be preserved under the present governmental system; new and extensive powers need to be given to a national head which requires a different organization of the federal government as a single body is unsafe (Hamilton). Our Constitution opens with the words, “We the People.” The Constitution was structured to prevent the abuses of authority. Our government is based on the will of the people and yet humans are susceptible to corruption. The balance of power in...
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