The United States After the War of 1812

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After the war of 1812, America underwent some changes as a nation. In comparison to the country prior to the war, the United States initially appeared to be more united in the sense that only one party ruled, but in reality, this only increased factions within the government due to sectionalism and the court.

Because the United States emerged as a one party nation after the War of 1812, members of past parties, such as the Federalists, felt the need to join with the Jeffersonians to maintain their competitiveness in the government. Evidently, this meant that many members within the Jeffersonian party began to hold differing political viewpoints. Thus, what the Jeffersonians originally represented became irrelevant and the true values of the party were obliterated. Basically, the party was meaningless and political unity was only superficial. For instance, Henery Clay was considered a Jeffersonian during this time, but he was in favor of building roads with the use of tax dollars, which was not a traditional Jeffersonian belief. Where politicians came from also had a huge influence on their views. Those from the South favored the use of slaves while those from the North opposed it. When it came to deciding whether incoming states would be free or slave states, conflict arose. The Southern states were concerned that if another free state was added, that their candidates would be more likely to lose elections, and vice versa. Finally, the Missouri compromise was brought about which physically drew a line through the country at 36 30. All states above would be free, and all below would be slave states. Cleary, this led to a severe case of sectionalism; the country was divided amongst slave states and free states. With such sectional differences, unity was impossible, despite the fact that only Jeffersonians existed. Another factor which effected the nation’s unity was the court. Since John Adams appointed “midnight judges” to the Supreme Court during the final...
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