The Underlying Meaning and Theme in “Jonathan Livingston Seagull”

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Chapter 1. Richard Bach and his significance in American literature

1.1. Richard Bach personality

1.2. Literary heritage of Richard Bach


Chapter 2. “Jonathan Livingston Seagull” in the context of American literature of the 20th century

2.1. Historical background and creation of “Jonathan Livingston


2.2. The fable in novella and its peculiarity

2.3. The motives of the “Jonathan Livingston Seagull”

2.4. The main message in novella




The 20th century is a complex and difficult time in the art life of humanity. The great social shifts of this epoch have rendered special influence on the literature and art of America. We can notice an extraordinary variety of tendencies, currents, schools, styles in the literature of 20th century.

The spiritual culture of 20th century is always connected with search of freedom and independence, with critical outlook of life; using the achievements of the past centuries, it created that new, that ennobles the human spirit. [2]

Here we deal with such literary epoch as literary modernism. The name of the cultural epoch which begun together with a Modern history and has ended approximately in the middle of 20th centuries. Its distinctive feature is a support on reason, aspiration to the absolute and unequivocal decision of all cognitive, moral and social problems. Withdrawals from such orientation name the beginning of a new epoch, the epoch of a postmodernism. This is a highly accessible overview of the essential ideas of the various modern philosophers such as Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, Rousseau, Marx, Russell, Dewey and the like. This is a great resource, a concise overview of each thinker and the extent of his influence. These concrete problems we can observe in the writings of the main representatives of this epoch. Richard Bach is one of the main representatives who works in this epoch and his best-seller...
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