The Underground Railroad

Topics: Slavery in the United States, Harriet Tubman, Slavery Pages: 6 (2057 words) Published: February 26, 2011
History and Literary Thinking
Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad was located in the American South. A system created to free slaves in the American South, but it was not actually a railroad or underground it was a secret pathway that slaves took to escape from their master. This pathway that the runaway slave took was very secret. They would know when to go out to the railroad because of the songs that they sung. The Underground Railroad not only helped black slaves but also poor white slaves (Snodgrass). Some of the most important people, who helped with the Underground Railroad, risked their lives to free black and white slaves from slavery because they had experienced slavery themselves and understood the value of freedom. The Underground Railroad was a system for slaves to escape. Close to the idea of a railroad the Underground Railroad had the same act of transporting people but in the Underground Railroad there were not just people there were slaves that had escaped. Some of the terms that they used in the Underground Railroad were lines: which were safe houses to safe houses (Underground Railroad). There was also “stations” and “depots” all across the south that were homes and businesses that took in slaves as they were traveling out of the south. The people who ran the “stations” and “depots” were called “stationmasters.” The people who funded the Underground Railroad were called “stock holders.” The “conductor” was responsible for moving fugitives or slaves from one station to the next (PBS). I found an article that includes a story of an old relative of a “conductor” of the Underground Railroad that is planning on retaking the path of the Underground Railroad. Joan Southgate said that she is going to do something that the fugitive slaves who escaped to Canada could never do. Joan is eighty years old. About six year ago Joan walked about eight hundred and thirty five miles from Cleveland to St. Catharines, she followed in the footsteps of thousands of slave including the people that could make the Underground the church has organized something that they would call a “send off ” which is an event that they held on the Friday that she left on and this send off was a event that helped her begin her month long walk on the Underground railroad. Railroad possible and could make it happen. She plans to raise two hundred and fifty thousand dollars for walking this historical path. “She ended her trip at the historical British Methodist Episcopal Church, where Harriet Tubman attended while living there in the 1850’s. Joan said that she will be back at the church by the Friday of that week to start the four hundred kilometer reverse route on the old historic freedom trail, going back to her home town.” (Downs.) She decided to this for the freedom seekers like Harriet Tubman and other people that have help African Americans get their freedom back. She said it is also for all of the people the were involved in slavery because she said that there was more then just black slaves in the Underground Railroad (Downs). Harriet Tubman was one of the main people who helped. She was born as a slave in Bucktown, Maryland in 1820. Harriet’s real name was not Harriet Tubman it was Araminta Ross. When she was a child she was called Harriet after her mother’s name. In Harriet’s childhood she had two sisters that were slaves with her she had to experience the tragic sight of both of her sisters getting sold and transported. When she was around the age of fourteen she got in the way of a supervisor whipping a slave and it turned out that instead of helping the slave her skull was fractured with a metal block because of this, she was in a coma for several months and she also had random blackouts for the rest of her life. (Alex S.). “When Harriet got a little bit older her father would take her out in to the woods a teach her the paths and way of the woods. When her father took her out in to he woods it helped her later on...
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