The Tuskegee Airmen
During the time, of World War II, there were fighter pilots who were protectors for the bombers. These fighter pilots mission was to be as forerunners (to go before the main fighter’s). These men are to be able to secure shipments as well as weapons of mass destruction. Although, even before Tuskegee Airmen, there were any African American’s able to become a United States military pilot. In 1917, African-American men had tried to become aerial observers, but were rejected; an African American named Eugene Bullard served as one of the members of the Franco-American Lafayette Escadrille. Nonetheless, he was denied the opportunity to transfer to American military units as a pilot when the other American pilots in the unit were offered the chance. Instead, Bullard returned to infantry duty with the French. The rejections motivated from the World War I African-American recruits sparked over two decades of advocacy by African-Americans who wished to enlist and train as military aviators. The effort was led by such prominent civil rights leaders as Walter White of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) and the labor union leader A. Randolph and Judge William H. Hastie. Made April 3, 1939, Appropriations Bill Public Law 18 was passed by Congress containing an amendment designating funds for training African-American pilots. The War Department managed to deflect the money’s into funding civilian flight schools willing to train black African Americans. Due to the restrictive nature of selection policies, the situation did not seem promising for African-Americans since, in 1940, the U.S. Census Bureau reported only 124 African-American pilots in the nation. The exclusionary policies failed dramatically when the Air Corps received an abundance of applications from men who qualified, even under the restrictive requirements. Many of the applicants already had participated in the Civilian Pilot Training Program, in which...
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