The Treaty of Versailles
By: Alex Ober
The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919. Although the armistice or, the seize fire agreement, was signed on November 11, 1918, it took 6 months to come up with the final document. The treaty was signed at Versailles palace near Paris. The terms involved in the treaty primarily dealt with peace issues involved with the war. The countries involved with the negotiation of the Treaty of Versailles were the “Big Three” nations (United States, Great Britain, and France) Japan, for the most part not involved, and Italy. The aims of the Treaty dealt mostly with the needs of the “Big Three”, as they were the most powerful nations and the ones who played the biggest part in the defeat of Germany. Italy was left out of many negotiations including the final negotiations due to their previous alliance with the German Empire. The United States aims in the treaty dealt with Woodrow Wilson’s 14 main points. The most important of these points were the introduction of the League of Nations, no more secret treaties, and that countries must reduce size and power of their armies. Another view of Woodrow Wilson was that Germany should not be dealt with as severely as commonly thought. He believed Germany should be dealt with in a way that would bring about reconciliation and recovery to Europe as opposed to revenge towards Germany. Great Britain’s views were similar in the fact that Germany should not be severely punished. But disagreed that countries should not make secret treaties. Although when David Lloyd George promoted himself to the public he said slogans such as “Hang the Kaiser” and “Make Germany Pay” to promote public image in order to maintain office, but in private he supported the less severe punishments of Germany and less permanent options. France’s terms were by far the most destructive to Germany. France and their Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau who was nicknamed “The Tiger” due to his ferocity and harsh...
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