The Negroid race is a historic racial category. It was one of the three historic "great races", further divided into subtypes beside the Caucasoid and the Mongoloid races. The major population included in the category in the 19th century and early 20th century were the black people of sub-Saharan Africa. Sometimes Australian Aboriginals, the Melanesians and Negritos were included in the Negroid race in popular anthropology and cartography. However, as early as 1870, Thomas Huxley suggested that the Australian Aborigines, the Negritos, the Melanesians as well as the Papuans (the inhabitants of New Guinea) should be referred to as a separate race known as the Australoid race.This had become general practice by the 1940s. The concept of the Negroid race originated with the typological method of racial classification and is still used by many anthropologists, especially physical anthropologists working in the forensic field of craniofacial anthropometry.Carleton Stevens Coon rejected the notion of a unified Negroid race in his 1962 The Origin of Races, dividing the Black African populations into a Congoid race and a Capoid race. Negroid skulls don't have a nasal sill. Their skull exhibits prognathism, which is the oposite of the Caucasoidal retreating zygomatcs. Their mouth protrudes outward. They have little or no nasal depression, a rounded forehead, bregmatic depression, a wide nasal opening, and often have an almost ivory texture to the bone. Caucasoid
The term Caucasian race (also known as Caucasoid and sometimes Europid or Europoid) denotes the race or phenotypes of some or all of the indigenous human populations of Europe, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia. In common use in American English, the term Caucasian (rarely supplemented with the word race) is sometimes restricted to Europeans and other lighter-skinned populations within these areas, and may be considered...