The Three Different Cultures in Aztec Empire

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  • Topic: Aztec, Mesoamerica, Mexico
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  • Published : February 3, 2013
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Aztec Culture
There were a variety of different cultures of people who were part of the Aztec empire.

Social Classes of the Aztec Empire:
The Aztec society was organized into tightly structured groups or classes. There were three main classes that formed Aztec society. The nobles, the intermediate class, and the commoners. Each class was divided further. At the top was the emperor who belonged to the noble class. His power came from control of the military and was supported by Aztec religious beliefs. He had a very nice and luxurious life. The nobles were the smallest class, but had the most power. They owned large estates and ran the government and the military. Priests were also from the noble class. Merchants and skilled artisans made up the intermediate class. Most people were in the third class, the commoners. Some commoners were landowning farmers, fishers, soldiers and craftspeople. There were also landless workers or serfs who labored in the Noble's fields and could not move off the land. There were also the enslaved people who were at the very bottom of the “Commoner Class.” The enslaved people were usually prisoners of war. The slaves worked a variety of different tasks. In all three classes, women’s roles were restricted.

Growing up in the Aztec Empire
It was mandatory to get an education.
Boys were taught more widely and extensively than girls but girls also went to school and learned about cooking, running homes as well as doing crafts. Boys were taught how to fight and they also learned about trading skills. Eventually the children had to choose between two branches. One, called calmecac in which students who chose this path would be taught to be doctor, teachers, leaders of society and priests. (A lot of the nobles kids chose this branch.) There was also another branch called, telpochcalli and they were taught about the culture of the Aztec, trade, religion, and certain skills, depending on what gender they were. It did not really matter what they chose. When the children were in the middle of their teenage years, adulthood would start. Girls could work in a temple and stay there or they could marry someone. Boys could focus on trading or go to the military. There were arranged marriages that were tied strongly to religious beliefs.

Language
In Central Mexico, there have been languages that were very similar to the Aztec language for around 1400 years. A language that was called “Nahuatl” were known by people who lived in the area of Central Mexico around 600 AD. It is believed that these people who spoke the language came from the North, travelled to Central American and settled. The people who spoke “Nahuatl” started to gain power and they were the dominant power around 1000AD. The Mexica, were people who were one of the last groups of people who spoke “Nahuatl” to come to that area and they were a big part of the rise or the founding of the Aztec empire. The influence of the Nahuatl grew as the Aztec empire grew. The Nahuatl language was used a lot in literature and writing and the language was also a “Language of trade.” The language is a “agglutinant language” and this means that the words are created by using prefixes, suffixes, as well as root words and combining them with eachother in order to create an idea or thought. There were also a number of different dialects within the Nahuatl language.

Food
The Aztec people ate a wide variety of different food. Examples of food that the Aztecs ate are: Maize. Maize is a staple food (which means that they ate it a lot and it was one of there main dishes to eat). Maize is also called ‘mealies’ or ‘corn’. People have been harvesting and eating maize for a very long time and it most likely came into daily life during the time that the Aztecs around. Mexico still grows maize (it is one of the top maize growing countries in the entire world.) Corn can be ground to make tamales and tortillas it can also be used in drinks and to feed...
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