The Three Regions of the 13 Colonies
* The number of people differed among the colony regions; the amount of land in the colonies also differed among the regions with small numbers of people on huge tracts of land. * The first European colonists didn't know how big North America was because they didn't have a map of the continent. * The three geographic regions of the 13 Colonies were the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies.
The New England Colonies
* The four original New England Colonies were:
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
The Environment of the New England Colonies
* The climate of the New England Colonies was colder than the other two colonial regions because they were the farthest north. * The climate was a positive factor for the colonists in the New England Colonies; it prevented the spread of life-threatening diseases. * The climate was a negative factor for the colonist in the New England Colonies; the severe winters killed many people. * The geography of New England was mostly hills with rocky soil.
The natural resources of the New England Colonies
* The natural resources of the New England Colonies included fish, whales, trees and furs. * The natural resources were more important than agricultural crops to colonists in New England because of poor, rocky soil and the short growing season.
Religion in the New England Colonies
* The main function of New England towns was to support the religion of the Puritans. * Religious freedom in Puritan colonies did not exist. The Puritan's world view did not tolerate other religions.
The Southern Colonies
The Environment of the Southern Colonies
* The climate of the Southern Colonies was the warmest climate of the three colonial regions. * The warmer climate was a positive factor for the colonists in the Southern Colonies. They didn't worry as much about surviving cold winters. * The warmer climate was a negative factor for the colonists in the Southern Colonies; the warm, moist climate carried diseases that killed the colonists. * The geography of the Southern Colonies which had a broad, coastal plain that was hilly and covered with forests. * The natural resources of the Southern Colonies included rich farm land, forests and fish.
Religion in the Middle Colonies
* There was more religious freedom in the Middle Colonies than in New England. No single church or religion dominated in the Middle Colonies.
Contrasts between the North and the South
* The environment impacted the economy and agriculture in the New England Colonies; farming was not as important for making a living because of climate and geography. * The environment also impacted the economy and agriculture of the Southern Colonies; farming was an important way to make a living because of it's climate and geography. * The differences between the New England Colonies and the Southern Colonies in agriculture included the climate and geography.
Agriculture influences trade
* The difference between the New England Colonies and the Southern Colonies in agriculture: Southern colonists exported agricultural products and New England colonists imported agricultural products.
* The New England Colonies looked to their natural resources as a way to make a living; the environment forced them to look for other ways to make a living other than farming. * The Southern Colonies didn't develop all their natural resources as a way to make a living; there was excellent soil for farming income, so there was no need to develop natural resources for manufacturing. The differences in manufacturing occurred between the Southern Colonies and the New England Colonies: The Southern Colonies developed their maiThe time period from around 1600 to 1740 covered the development of...