It is quite plausible that a larger population is a resource to economic gains by stimulating mass-consumption and by providing mass-production at a low cost to business around the world, because there would be economies of scale, the division of labour would be facilitated by greater density of settlement and so forth. However, beyond a certain point, which is defined as overpopulation, diminishing returns might set in and these advantages of a larger population will vanish. In 1990, the world population was 1.6 billion people, currently a total of approximately 6 billion people inhabit the earth and this number is projected to reach 16.4 billion, more than double today’s population by the year 2060. As the population continues to explode, many researchers and theorists fear that Earth's carrying capacity will be met in the near future, and if the predictions come true, it will be tragic and devastating for many. The problem of overpopulation is an issue that faces societies around the world and is not just increasing steadily, but exponentially. The problems of Overpopulation come with many social, economical, environmental issues. Although problems of overpopulation cannot necessarily be prevented and eliminated, technology is being used to help improve the situations. In this essay, I want to focus the attention on the threat of overpopulation to management’s ethos of mass-production and mass-consumption by using three illustrations. In the following discussion, I will first examine the negative consequence of resources shortage and the environmental degradation, which are the most direct effects caused by overpopulation to mass-production and mass-consumption. This will be followed by the threat of the rising unemployment and social unrest to management.
The 3 illustrations I want to use are the overpopulation in China, India and Australia respectively. With just over 1.3 billion people, China is the world’s most population country, taking up roughly 25% of the world’s population. Specifically, for every kilometer, approximately 139.6 people are living in the radius. Overpopulation has been such a problem that China has confined each couple to bear only one child. However, In the next few decades, India, the world's second most populous country is expected to surpass China in population. Also, India's high population growth is not only focused on the poor sections of society but also results in sub-standard conditions for growing segments of the Indian population. The last illustration is Australia, as it is regard as a “last frontier” by many people because it has a relatively small population of just over 18 million people together with vast amount of mineral wealth and resources. Is Australia is not safe from the challenge of overpopulation, then who can be? In the following analysis, I will use the sever phenomenon caused by overpopulation in these three countries to illustrate the threat of overpopulation on current management.
Scarcity of resources and environment degradation
It is obvious that overpopulation results in mass-consumption in a large extent. The average level of consumption is very high and a majority of people consume a large amount of goods and services. In addition, mass-production is in reality the process of utilizing more energy and resources to increase the productivity and efficiency. To put it simply, the more inhabitants living in the earth, the greater the need. Because of overpopulation, people consume more, putting increasing strains on the resources that sustain mankind. However, those resources fail to deal with the burgeoning demand. In the following, I will analyse the effect of the shortage of two major resources, namely, food and energy, due to overpopulation, on mass-production and mass-consumption.
Assessment of food shortage
One of the main consequences of overpopulation is an...