To be submitted on the second day of the examination.
Name: C. Leena
Subject : M.Phil., (English)
Register Number : 01009110001
Centre code : PC - 10
University : DRAVIDIAN UNIVERSITY
Broad Field of Research : Fiction (Indian English Literature) Title : The Theme of Alienation in the Novels of
Arun Joshi. Name of the Supervisor: Dr. R. Gandhi Subramanian. M.A., M. Phil., Ph.D.,
THE THEME OF ALIENATION IN THE NOVELS OF ARUN JOSHI
INDIAN ENGLISH LITERATURE: AN INTRODUCTION
Literature has said something always fascinating. It is to man’s advantage that he has always managed to derive a message from literature. Indian English Literature is a product of the Indian Colonial Rule over India. And even though this is a thing of the past its hangover persists in the Indo – English Literature which cannot ignore the native models. With the achievement of national Independence India may be politically free but there is still an invasion of cultural colonization from the west. It is with reference to this duality that K.R. Srinivasa Iyengar has cited the Indo English writer “a confused wanderer between the two worlds” in his Indian Writing in English. (6). It is in this sense that in their effort to give an expression for individuality that “the Indian writers in English lose their sense of identity both personal and national and feel alienated in their own home making frantic efforts to seek, organize and affirm that identity” says K.R. Srinivasa Iyengar. Meenakshi Mukherjee has pointed out that alienation is “a very common theme in Indo English Novel”. Wilbur S. Scott is of the opinion that “Sociological Criticism starts with a conviction that art’s relations to society are vitally important and that the investigation of these relationships may organize and make deeper one’s aesthetic response to a work of art’s.” In the Indian ethos also the ideas of literature and ethics and of social criticism have been intimately connected. Harry Levin has stated that “the relation between literature and society are reciprocal. Literature is not only the effect of social causes; it is also the cause of social effects.” Even the greatest genius is necessarily molded by the culture, ideals, mental and by moral tendencies of the world into which the writer is born and the character of what he produces is therefore to a large extent determined by these. In this sense we have to regard every writer as a product of his/ her time. The sociological critic is therefore interested in fathoming the social milieu and the extent and manner in which the artist responds to it. This study intends to analyze Arun Joshi’s creations as representations of the new ideas which have come to the Indian Society, and how particularly people under various influences, react to them. This Research Paper being the maiden attempt of the researcher, tries to use the Research Methodology to the possible extent and it is obvious that all the methods one finds in any methodology cannot be made use of in this paper and it is equally obvious that some errors might have crept in, though sincere efforts have been made to avoid/minimize such errors. According to Arun Joshi, the puzzles and contradictions of life cannot but be resolved through faith. That is why, despite all the corruption and degeneration, there are no villains in the world of Arun Joshi. Fear, insecurity and cowardice are the real evils. Arun Joshi has also tried to present in his novels solutions to problems arising out of one’s awareness of the purpose or meaning of life. In literature alienation is mainly attributed to persons living in congested, manufacturing centres, working in Kafkaesque offices, or tending machines which produce things they neither understand nor can value. Earlier it was said that in Arun Joshi’s novels social criticism is more implicit. But there are a few...