The Texas Revolution: Its Many Faces

Topics: Texas, Texas Revolution, Republic of Texas Pages: 9 (3186 words) Published: April 30, 2013
The Texas Revolution:Its Many Faces

The Texas Revolution, why is it so important? Why is there so many arguments over it? Truth is this historical subject is very controversial and it can be seen through the work of many authors. In this case I have decided to research 4 authors and their dedicated work on the history of the Texas Revolution. From the historical documents of Sam Houston to retracing his steps through photographic representation. These authors put in a lot of time and dedication, a lot of research and thought into their research and even though they had different opinions and ideology on the Texas Revolution, one thing they do share, is the passion and love for Texas. So what are some key points and key players in this historical revolution? Here are several professional critiques and opinions on this issue. But before we hear from the authors, lets first understand the key figures and find out a few things about this revolution

Lets begin with the subject, the Texas revolution, this way we can certainly understand the opinions, bias non bias, of the authors who wrote on key figures of the Texas Revolution and their opinions on the events which led, maintained and finished this historical event. In the Texas Revolution of 1835-36, American colonists in Texas secured the independence of that area from Mexico and subsequently established a republic. Since the 1820s many settlers from the United States had colonized Texas; by the 1830s they far outnumbered the Texas Mexicans. Mexican dictator Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna attempted to reverse this trend by such measures as abolishing slavery and enforcing the collection of customs duties. The settlers rebelled according to Roger Borroel's,

“The Texas Revolution of 1836”, “it was originally as part of a general federalist resistance to Santa Anna's Centralist government, which had overthrown the Mexican Constitution of 1824.[1]” Hostilities began at Gonzales on Oct. 2, 1835; the Texans repelled a Mexican force sent to disarm them and won subsequent victories.

In February 1836, Santa Anna, undiscouraged, led a large army across the Rio Grande; he was delayed, however, by the unexpectedly determined defense of the Alamo. Meanwhile, the Texans declared their independence from Mexico on Mar. 2, 1836, and organized a provisional government. Sam Houston led a successful retreat, but other insurgents were defeated and massacred in late March. Santa Anna pursued the rebels, overstretching his supply line and thus isolating his forces on San Jacinto Prairie. There, on April 21, he was routed by Houston and taken prisoner. Mexican troops then withdrew from Texas. The Republic of Texas (with its Lone Star flag) remained independent until 1845, when it became part of the United States.

Now letscontinue with one major key player in the Texas revolution Sam Houston. As a teen, Sam Houston ran away and lived with the Cherokee tribe for three years. After serving in the War of 1812, he was assigned to move the Cherokees to a reservation. In 1827, he was elected governor of Tennessee, but in 1829, he resigned and returned to the tribe. He later led the struggle of U.S. emigrants in Mexican territory to win control of Texas and make it part of the U.S.

In 1832 Houston moved to the Mexican territory of Texas, where he was soon a prominent voice in pushing for secession. As tensions mounted, Houston accepted an appointment to command a ragtag Texan army against Mexican forces. Still known for his excessive drinking, Houston nonetheless showed himself to be a brilliant military leader. Outnumbered and underpowered by

Mexican general Antonio López de Santa Anna, Houston and his men were given a reprieve on April 21, 1836, when Anna split his forces. Seeing his chance, Houston ordered the attack at San Jacinto. Victory proved decisive and secured Texas its independence.

In this newly formed country, Sam Houston became its...
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