Faculty of International Relations and Diplomacy
The Syrian-Israeli peace negotiations
Domestic politics of Israel, the role of the United States and the Balance of Power (1991-2008)
Majid Al bunni
International Relations and Diplomacy
A graduation paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of BA International Relations at the Faculty of International Relations and Diplomacy, University of Kalamoon.
Supervised By: Dr. Marwan Qabalan
(The Dean of International Relations and Diplomacy Faculty)
My father and mother who made it easy to me all the way……… and to my brother and sister who brightened my life with their existence.
All my professors for their support and understanding and for not saving any chance to make me a better person…….
My colleagues and second family: Amr, Afraa, Alaa, Bassem, Abd, and every one that supported me and stood by me………
My cousin Zouhair that helped me to finish this research………
And my bigger family, life mates:Taher, Sari, Saad, Besher, Louay, Qousai, Yaseen, and every one questioning why his name is not here!.
May I witness the returning of all our lands
and to see the Syrian people
living in prosperity and
Table of Contents
Introduction 4 (1)Domestic politics of Israel 9 The Israeli system 10 Madrid Conference and the Israeli Decision Making 12 The Israeli public opinion and the future of negotiations 17 (2)The role of United States 23 Madrid Peace conference and the role of U.S 24 The American potentials and the Israeli unwillingness 28 Syria and the United states, the end of earlier honeymoon 30 (3)Balance of Power 35 Arm race not peace 36 Syria and the Israeli conditions 42 The War on Iraq 2003 and beyond 43 Conclusion 47 Bibliography 50
To understand the situation in the Middle East we must across quickly at the past of the region Geographically, Demographically and politically to see what has led us to nowadays situation.
The Middle East has always been a core attraction to the imperial powers due to the strategic position and wealth. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, England and France hastened to impose their authority on a part of the region which involves Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Iraq, which known as the Land of Sham ( Bilad Al Sham) before been geographically divided according to Sykes-Picot agreement in 1916 between the UK and France.
After the World War One and Balfour Declaration in 1917 (which is a declaration from Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Baron Rothschild a leader of the British Jewish community, hinting within it the support from the British government to the establishment of a national home for the Jews in Palestine) Syria and Lebanon were under the French mandate till the independence of the two states ,Lebanon in 1943 and Syria 1946, and Palestine was an international region supervised by Russia, England and France, But the rapid increase in the number of Jews in Palestine because of the Jewish immigration that started since 1880 gave the rise to the...