The Syrian Crisis
The Syrian civil war is a part of the Arab spring, a wave of uprisings occurring in the Middle East and North African states. Although the Syrian problem has received significant international attention, the future of the conflict is still unclear. The situation is deteriorating day by day, while the international negotiations reached a deadlock. The possible settlement is a subject of hot debates, with each government trying to put forward a solution, which would serve their country’s interests. Consequently, the outcome of the crisis is very significant because it will inevitably influence the future patterns of conflict resolution. As Russian Foreign Minister Mr. Lavrov said, “either everything will fall in accordance with, or 'bomb democracy' will prevail”. The current situation in Syria is extremely complex due to the fact that both domestic and foreign actors are engaged into the confrontation. The state of human rights in Syria has long been the subject of harsh criticism from global organizations. Socioeconomic inequality added to the general atmosphere of mistrust and dissatisfaction with the President, which eventually provoked the unrest. The demonstrations against the dictatorship of Bashar al-Assad began in March, 2011 and soon the protest movement escalated into a full-scale war, with the Syrian Armed forces and the Syrian opposition being the main belligerent parties. Many countries as well international organizations condemned the violent domestic response to uprisings and called on Assad to quell the violence. However, the major world powers did not manage to reach an agreement on how the conflict should be resolved, with the US, Great Britain and France voting for the military intervention and Russia and China rejecting it, which led to a political impasse. Although the present situation in Syria is complicated, a compromise settlement can be produced. It is necessary to remember that effective approaches can only be...
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