The Summer Solstice: Literary Analysis

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The Summer Solstice

“A woman should learn in quietness and full submission. I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man; she must be silent. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not the one deceived and became a sinner.” (II Timothy 2: 11-14)

Christianity is what most Filipinos believed in. Traditionally, in Philippines, women accept that they are under by men in terms of power and because it was said in the Bible for wives to submit to their husbands. Nowadays, it seems that everything may change because of one factor—the culture. According to Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory, the human individual is considered to be at the center of a series of concentric circles. The elements in each circle influence the circles inside it. In this model, a person is directly influenced by the immediate environment—home, family, and peers. The immediate environment is influenced by the social and economic context. The social and economic context is influenced by the cultural context—the beliefs, values, and guidelines that people in a particular society tend to share. Filipinos are very devoted in culture, or in such traditions like feasts. In relation to that, Summer Solstice is a story of men vs. women which revolves in the cult of the Tadtarin, and how this tradition influenced an individual.

How does the culture change the view of a wife—to be submissive—to her husband? Lupe, the wife of Don Paeng, was a fine and conservative woman. She has the image of a true Filipina with the way she dressed; she looked very young and elegant in her white frock, under the twirling parasol. Lupe is a caring wife to Don Paeng in simple way like sharing the parasol to her husband when they were in the procession of San Juan.

Lupe started to think that women must be adored by men when Guido had started to flirt her. Guido confessed to Lupe how beautiful she is in his eyes and how he implored her. He even kissed the tips of her shoes as if she is...
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