The Study of Evolution with a Focus on the Change from Ape to Man

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  • Topic: Gorilla, Color, Pointillism
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  • Published : November 23, 2012
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Personal investigation, written assessment

The study of Evolution, with a focus on the change, from Ape to Man.

The theory of evolution is a naturalistic theory of the history of life on earth however as there are many different versions and beliefs about evolution, I did research into each and decided I was most interested in the understanding of evolution through scientific ways through Apes to Humans. Within the broad topic I was immediately focusing on the similarities, between Humans and Apes. In this unit I aim to pay particular attention to the artists David Mach and Andy Warhol, along with researching the artwork of other artists. I will use the artist’s work to influence ideas for my own artwork and possibly joining two methods of art together to create an adaptation for those pieces of art. I will show the affect of evolution over the years and the common features which human and apes share. Through out the project I will experiment with different types of media to help explore the topic in more depth.

In my virtual research I gathered images, which focused on gorillas, human and the ageing process. The gorilla is a very powerful creature and is intimidating to all other species including humans due to their immense size, presence and posture. Their facial appearance and black colour can be misled to humans and other animals as danger. My images show close ups of a gorilla from different viewpoints.

One shows aggression, power and deep thought, whereas the other shows playful, caring, emotion and sensitivity. These traits help liken humans to the gorilla species. Some are images, which show a range of different techniques. One substitutes the face of a Vermeer painting with a gorilla face. The artist said that he wanted as much authenticity as possible to the original painting but didn’t want an ordinary facial expression on the gorilla and that he wanted the gorilla to be ‘blowing a kiss’ at you. This could have been to show the caring and humorous similarities which humans and apes share.

“Gorilla with Pearl Earrings” by Roberto Parada

In my first observational drawing focusing on a close up of a gorilla”s facial features, using chalk and charcoal techniques which shows particular interest in the description of light and form. The use of lime green in the background, contrasts with the colour of the gorillas eyes. Although gorillas are normally associated with pride, the softness of the eyes shows the vulnerability and human similarity.

I decided to sketch four different viewpoints of a gorilla and developed them further by enlarging them and working into them with oil pastels. To show tone and muscular definition in the gorillas I used a variation of colours to show light and dark areas. Such as using light blues and purples for the highlighting areas and dark blues and blacks for the shadow areas. This enables the drawings to appear more realistic and represent the strength of the animals. The results are in the photo below:

I have always enjoyed using oil pastels and I think it easy particularly appropriate in the case of developing these images as it helps portray life likeness of the gorilla’s hairy texture. I decided to develop the gorillas in different colours to accentuate different viewpoints of the gorillas.

“#2” by Andreas Preis, 2009

Inspired by the artist Andreas Preis, who creates his artwork with fine liners, markers, pencils and brushes. The technique, which is used in his artwork, is drawing small lines and when depth is needed, small lines are drawn in the opposite direction on top. I decided to experiment with this technique and create a fur like texture. I based the ideas on how Andreas drew lines in different direction and apply different pressure of line, working into shadow areas with lines in different directions; the lines often follow the surface and describe form. However, when applying the technique to my drawings, I drew smaller and...
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