The Stroop Effect – Word Test Abstract A study was conducted on the Stroop Effect. An investigation was formed on naming colours of written words. The investigation was created to see if it took longer to recite colours of miss-matched words than to recite colours of made up words. To conduct the experiment, six people were selected to participate. Two sheets of paper were given to each person. The first sheet had a list of colours written using alternative colour ink. The second sheet had a list of made up words that were written in colour inks that matched the order of the first sheet. Each person was asked to recite the list on both sheets, they were timed to see how long it took to recite the colours ensuring they ignored the printed word and focus on the colour denoted by the word, they were to focus on the colours only. A test of the interference effect was demonstrated by the timing of how long it took to say the list on the first and second sheet. From the experiment it was determined that it took longer for individuals to recite the colours of the words written in a different ink to the printed word on the first sheet than the colours of the made up words on the second sheet. The results from this experiment support the study of the Stroop Effect.
Introduction JR Stroop conducted an experiment in 1935 looking at the response time of a task, that task involved testing the response time of individuals when they were asked to identify the colour denoted by the printed word e.g. yellow ink that spelt the word green. This testing looked at cognitive interference in a colour-word processing a task that continues to remain a classic approach in experimental psychology (MacLeod, 1991). Stroop (1935) noted that people were slower to identify the color between the colour in which the word is printed and the colour denoted by the word, for example people were slower to identify red ink when it spelled the word blue. This is an interesting discovery as people...
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