The Stress on Money in The Metamorphosis
In The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, the stress of, or the importance of money seems to be one of the major themes. Kafka shows how the person who makes the money is the person who gets the respect. If you aren’t contributing to the income of the family, what good are you?
The novella starts off with Gregor being transformed into a bug. As he is lying on his bed, he thinks about his job: how he hasn’t missed a day since he started to work there; he only has this job because his parents are in debt; and if he didn’t get up “The boss would be sure to come with the health-insurance doctor, blame his parents for their lazy son, and cut off any excuses by quoting the health-insurance doctor”(5). Gregor fears losing his job because his parents are in debt, and even though he hates his job, it is the sense of being the leading bread maker for the family, which demands some respect. Gregor supports his family by having this job, so the family gives Gregor respect in return. However, once the family learns that Gregor has turned into a bug, they stop treating him with respect, and instead, imprison him in his room. What use do they have for him now; he no longer makes any money. His parents refuse to look at him or even to try to communicate with him. Instead of giving Gregor the respect he deserves out of love for their son, his parents give him respect because he gives them money. Now that he doesn’t earn money, they lose all respect.
Although in the beginning Gregor receives respect, the daughter, Grete, receives none. Grete doesn’t make any money, so the parents’ attention is focused on Gregor. However, when Gregor loses his job and no longer makes any money, the attention is focused on Grete. Grete starts off as the innocent girl and does what she is told, but after Gregor’s change, when she starts to take some responsibility, then she,...
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