“This is my homeland; no one can kick me out.” A notable proclamation by Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat once said. These words are tantamount to the sentiments of the Republic of the Philippines over Spratly Islands also known as Kalayaan Group of Island. For decades now, Philippines still continue struggling in cementing their claims over the disputed Islands against other nation- Peoples Republic of China, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malaysia, and Brunei.
Having sovereignty all over the Spratlys is very momentous to any nation considering the massive deposit of oil, gas, hydrocarbon and other mineral resources. At this point of time, claimants are contending in their own way to gain sovereignty all over Spratly and protect their respective claimed-islands, islets and reefs by talking about foreign policy in resolving issues. Among other claimants, only Philippines have convincing facts and grounds and well-defined coordinates to support its claims over the Spratlys. Ergo, Philippines should stand on its grounds and fight its rights to claim the Spratly Island not only to extend national territory and to alleviate the country’s economy but at the same time to carry on pride and honor to its countrymen. Disputes over Spratlys by claimants can be interminable diplomatic issue if not addressed now or in the near future. To further understand Philippines’ claim, one must go through all the details from the time it all started until present, also from decrees, proclamations, and municipal laws up to international laws.
Thereupon, this position paper directly defending the Republic of the Philippines’ claim over Spratly Island from other claimants- Peoples Republic of China, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malaysia, and Brunei. This paper is also intended to provide necessary arguments about the subject matter such as history, facts, issues, discussions, laws and evidences that is essential to their claim. These peripherals shall affirm and annotate that Philippines owns Spratly Islands and that Philippines have the authority to claim it.
The Republic of the Philippines
Is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam. The Sulu Sea to the southwest lies between the country and the island of Borneo, and to the south the Celebes Sea separates it from other islands of Indonesia. Based on archipelagic doctrines, historical facts and United Nations UNCLOS, the Philippines have the rights to claim over Spratly Islands and its internal waters that are subject to its exclusive sovereignty.
Its Spratly claims have clearly defined coordinates, based both upon the proximity principle as well as on the explorations of a Philippine explorer in 1956. In 1971, the Philippines officially claimed eight islands that it refers to as the Kalayaan, partly on the basis of this exploration, arguing that the islands: 1) were not part of the Spratly Islands; and 2) had not belonged to anybody and were open to being claimed. In 1972, they were designated as part of Palawan Province, Kalayaan municipality. The total land area of these islands is 790,000 sq meters.
The People’s Republic of China (PRC)
Is a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country. Refers to the Spratly Islands as the Nansha islands, and claims all of the islands and most of the South China Sea for historical reasons. These claims are not marked by coordinates or otherwise clearly defined.
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia with an estimated 90.3 million inhabitants as of 2012. Vietnamese claims are based on history and the continental shelf principle. Vietnam claims the entire Spratly Islands as an offshore district of the province of Khanh Hoa. Vietnamese claims also cover an extensive area of the South China Sea, although...
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