UK’s sport and physical activity sector has developed over the past 10 years.
The sport and leisure sector in the UK has witnessed significant growth within the past decade due to a number of factors; • • • • The increased growth and professionalization of national governing bodies. The growth of commercial involvement within sport. Expansion of the health and fitness sector Increased investment into the public sector.
These factors have led to an increase in employment opportunities within this industry, affected how the industry implements and manages sports development and Physical activity in the UK. The impact of the London Olympics has also impacted the UK with increase participation rates pre and post games as well as an expected income, 6.9% of adults reported that they were motivated to do more sport or recreational physical activity as a result of the UK winning the bid for the 2012 Olympics. 5.8% reported that they were motivated to do more voluntary work.(sportandrecreation.org.uk,2013) As of 2009, the sport and leisure industry employed 621,000 staff throughout a variety of Sectors including health and fitness, professional services and sport development, with an additional two million volunteers that are involved in the industry for at least one hour per week. (graduatejobsinsport.co.uk, 2013) The sport and leisure sectors can be broken into 3 categories: • • • Public Sector Private/Commercial Sector Voluntary Sector
The public sector plays a pivotal role in the sports and leisure industry as it is the largest provider of sport and leisure opportunities in the UK as wells being the largest source of employment within the industry. This is owing to the social and political benefits associated with participating in sport and leisure activities. Government invests funding into NGBs and local authorities through Sport England to encourage participation in sport and physical activity via the provision of an increased number of affordable opportunities. Participation in sport and leisure activities have always been seen as a cultural importance therefore, local authorities have long promoted and invested to provide for leisure and recreation opportunities for their constituency. Approximately 7.5 million adults and 2.1 million children use parks for sporting activities each year and Local councils provide an estimated total of 21,000 play grounds and Play areas as stated by Torkildsen .G (2005) Torkildsen .G (2005) also states that it’s down to local government discretion to be provide leisure and recreation as there is little legislation that requires so. Their involvement is motivated by social and political objectives. Local authorities make necessary leisure provision on a whole range of perceived benefits to the community; adding to the quality of life, providing for the socially disadvantaged, supporting education of children and young people especially attracting tourists and reducing crime, promoting health and preserving heritage and cultural uniqueness of their district.
sport and leisure organisations
In a recent Mintel (2003) survey, the rate of health clubs and membership subscription to such clubs has had a steady increase during the last 10 years in the UK. During a four year period from 1998 to 2002, there was an 18% growth in the number of private health clubs. In addition to this the number of membership subscription grew from 2.16 to 3.78 million; that is, 4.6% of the adult population to 7.8%, a 70% increase. These stats do not state a true picture of the whole industry as private health clubs only account half of the market share. GLL Greenwich Leisure Limited (GLL) is a charitable social enterprise operating over 115 Leisure Venues for 27 key partner organisations in the UK With a turnover for 2012 set for £120m. GLL was founded in 1993 and is the UK’s leading leisure provider. As a social enterprise meaning it has...