The Special Theory of Relativity Can Be Disproved Experimentally

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  • Topic: Special relativity, Speed of light, Light
  • Pages : 53 (17461 words )
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  • Published : September 2, 2012
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The Special Theory of Relativity Can Be Disproved Experimentally Gennady Sokolov, Vitali Sokolov. It is true that you may fool all the people some of the time; you can even fool some of the people all of the time; but you can’t fool all of the people all the time. Abraham Lincoln (USA, 1809-1865). Content 1. What the special relativity states. What is the postulate of the invariability 2. The optical experiments and observations that forced to receive the postulate of invariability of light speed. 2.1. Arago’s experiment. 2.2. Fizeau’s interference experiment with moving water. 2.3. Michelson-Morley’s experiment. 2.4. De Sitter’s observation 2.5. Doppler- effect. 2.6. Ives- Stilwell’s experiment. 2.7. The stellar aberration. 2.8. The "consequences" of relativity. 2.9. The electromagnetic experiments. 3. The influence of the medium on the speed of the light. 4. The new explanation of the main known phenomena and experiments. 4.1. Arago’s experiment 4.2. The interference Fizeau’s experiment with moving water 4.2.1. The received calculation of Fizeau’s interferometer 4.2.2. The change of the frequencies of the interfering beams in the interferometer with moving water 4.2.3. The influence of the change of the frequencies of the interfering beams on the fringe shift 4.2.4. The fringe shift conditioned by the change of the frequencies of the interfering beams 4.2.5. The total fringe shift in the interferometer with moving water 4.3. Michelson-Morley’s experiment 4.4. Why the light goes from the binary stars with identical speed. 4.5. The Doppler-effect without the invariance of the light speed 4.5.1. The observer moves relative to the medium, the source is immovable 4.5.2 The light source moves relative to the medium, the observer is immovable. 4.5.3. The light source and the observer move relative to the medium 4.6. The transverse Doppler-effect 4.7. The stellar aberration 4.8. About the "consequences" of the special relativity 4.9 The cosmological red shift without the invariance of the light speed 5. How the postulate of invariability of the light speed can be disproved experimentally

5.1. Orbital experiment with the moving interferometer 5.2. The other possible experiments 5.2.1. The experiments with change of the angle of refraction 5.2.2. The experiment with the "light rod" moving in the air 5.2.3. The change of the light frequency by the moving re-radiator 5.2.4. The transverse Doppler-effect 6. Conclusion 1. What the special relativity states. What is the postulate of invariability. The special theory of relativity is based upon two postulates. The first postulate or the principle of relativity states that the laws of physics are the same in all inertial frames of reference. In accordance with this postulate all physical phenomena are identical in all frames moving without acceleration. It means that any experiment carried out within an inertial frame of reference cannot determine in which direction and how fast the frame moves. However, as pointed out Galileo Galilei, the observation of the external signals allows discover the movement of the frame relative to other frames. If you go out on the deck, you will see that your ship moves relative to the shore, he said. This postulate states that only internal signals do not allow discover the movement of the inertial frame. Einstain expanded the principle of relativity on electromagnetic phenomena and chiefly on the propagation of light. But at that time many experiments and observations seemed to contradict to the principle of relativity. In order to conform it to the principle of relativity he proposed his second postulate in accordance with which the speed of light received a strange property of the invariability. The second postulate of the special theory of relativity – the postulate of the invariability - states that the speed of light in vacuum is C=299 792 458 m/s in all inertial frames of reference and this speed depends neither on the movement of the light...
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