The Special Needs and Disability Act 2001

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The Special Needs and Disability Act 2001, applied to England and Wales in 2001 highlighted the importance of inclusion of all children into mainstream education. It firstly strengthened the rights of access to mainstream and also when it was expanded, it set the SEN code of practice that made it clear to education and care settings that they needed to support children with special needs. It meant in practice that nurseries and schools needed to make reasonable adjustments to accommodate such special needs children. This act strengthens the rights of children with special needs. It requires commitments from care settings themselves. One is to communicate with parents and carers about if and when special needs provision is concerned for there child. The act requires a commitment also to provide parents and carers with advice and information on special needs care.

The Children Act 1989 / 2004 changed the way organisations work together putting the welfare of children first. It highlights how children’s welfare is of paramount importance in education and care settings. The act aimed to encourage these different care and education organisation to work together more efficiently. The first piece of legislation in 1989 created the foundation and then when it was amended in 2004. Coming into force in October 1990, the children’s act 1989 aimed to protect children in their homes in day care or in full time care. It is based on important principles established with in the act. The act provides regulation guidelines on services for children and families. Partnerships between parents are made at every stage. When concerning court cases delays are to be avoided and orders made with a positive effect on the child in mind at all times. It helped layout the “Every Child Matters” scheme. The act highlights how the welfare of the child as paramount and aims for further encouragement of multi service involvement bringing together all types of services to protect children.

Human Rights Act 2000

The Human Rights Act 2000 requires courts to make judgments supported by the European conversions for human rights, providing children with the same rights as adults. Impacting settings because professionals must ensure children’s rights to dignity, they are never to be subjected to corporal punishment or any form punishment or abuse at a setting. The act does this because punishment is a violation of children’s rights, and it levels children’s rights with that of adults. The Equality Act 2006 is a fairly new act that is a key of the commission for equality. Linked to the human rights act it enforces documents involving gender, age, disability, race, religion, and health. Because of this act children are never subjected to discrimination or lack of opportunity due to anyone of these factors. Through the Equality act all children are ensured the same opportunities in settings. Protection of Children Act 1999, although radical changed the way we look at child protection in modern day care. The act set up a register of people that are seen as known “unsuitable” These names are those thought to be a risk to children or to be unsuitable to work with or care for children in any setting. Leading to children and families feeling more secure in settings and outlining the responsibility of professionals to ensure vital documentation is presented, i.e. CRB checks.

E3 There are many ways policies and procedures implement the responsibility of settings to safeguard children. Anyone working in a care setting should be aware that broken equipment is a risk to children. We need to check equipment regularly and all broken equipment needs to be removed or fixed as soon as possible, to reduce this hazard. Practitioners should use policies to cover personal hygiene in a setting. Children should be safe and comfortable at all times. A policy involving personal hygiene for example will tell a setting that children should never be...
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