(author 's name (professor /instructor (subject (date of submission )
Why the Spanish could conquer the Aztecs ?
It was in 1519 when a band of Spanish conquistadors , led by Hernan
Cortes arrived at the Yucatan Peninsula . Together with a small army of
600 men , Cortes sought out to conquer the Aztec empire for their
The Aztec empire was considered as the most advanced civilization in
North America . They were in control of large cities and had complex
social , religious , economic and political structure . Their empire
controlled the area from the Valley of Mexico to the Gulf of Mexico and
south of present day Guatemala . Tenochtitlan , the Aztec capital was
located in present-day Mexico City . During Cortes ' conquest , the Aztecs
were ruled by Montezuma II . The Aztecs themselves had conquered many
neighboring tribes , suing the captives for their human sacrifices in
their religious ceremonies and rituals in offering to their gods .
Although they have conquered many tribes , they did not necessarily rule
But how could a powerful empire be conquered and destroyed by a small
army which was that of Cortes ? If the Aztec empire had established a
complex religious and political structure , why were they not able to
sustain a war against the Spanish conquistadors ?
Even though the Spanish army was small in number , they had better
strategies , better resources and weapons when they fought with the
Aztecs . While Aztecs fought with wooden swords and weapons , the Spanish
conquistadors fought with metal shields and swords . Although their
wooden weapons can bring much damage , they were also easily broken and
the Spaniards ' weapons were more durable . The Spanish could move faster
because they also had horses which gave them an advantage as Aztec only
fought on their foot . The conquistadors also used guns , which were
easier to use and load than the stone slings that the Aztecs used... [continues]
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