1.1 Analyse the relationship between crime and deviance using examples. Crime and deviance are mutually dependent terms which have differed over time and space. Both behaviours differ from the norm within society. To violate a law is a crime with the repercussions being legal action. Deviance however, is the violation of what is normal in society both formal and informal, what may be classed as deviance in one culture may not in another. It is socially created. For example, homosexuality is not a universal form of sexual deviance. Where the western world have become more accepting of it (i.e. same sex marriages and civil partnerships) some Muslim countries such as Saudi Arabia and Yemen carry the death penalty for same sex intercourse. In The UAE, places like Qatar and Bahrain use corporal punishment and imprisonment (http://www.religionfacts.com/homosexuality/islam.htm). Wide ranging definitions of crime such as murder, rape and arson, are both criminal and deviant behaviour it falls into the category of consensus crimes which are generally agreed to be serious by most members of society. Conflict crime has a low social agreement. Some believe it to be serious while others do not. Specific groups in society have particular bias toward the social agreement and seriousness of these conflict crimes. (http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Social_Deviance/What_Is_Crime_And_Deviance) Marijuana possession, sharing internet files and gambling are a few examples of these.
2.2 Evaluate a range of theoretical approaches to crime and deviance (eg biological, Marxist, labelling theory).