The Socio-Economic Factors that Affect the Decision of OFW Family Members of UPV-CAS Students to Work Abroad
A Research Paper Submitted by:
Camille May Savillo
Prof. Karen Varona
October 4, 2012
One reason for the increasing number of overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) is the search for better job opportunities abroad. However, this is not the only cause for the increase in the flow of human labor outside the country. Sociological factors also play a part in influencing the decision to migrate abroad, as seen in previous studies. This research aims to find out whether the socio-economic factors of age, sex, educational attainment, income and family size affect the decision of OFW family members of UPV-CAS students to work abroad. A survey was conducted among UPV-CAS students with parents working abroad. This was done through the use of questionnaires which included questions regarding the age, sex, educational attainment of the parents, as well as family income and family size. The results showed that among the five socio-economic factors, income ranks as the highest when it comes to influencing the parents of UPV-CAS students to work abroad. The second most influential factor is educational attainment, since many of the respondents’ parents had a college degree. The third is family size because some of the respondents come from a large family, with three as the highest number of dependents. Results also indicate that age and sex have a negligible influence to the decision of family members of UPV-CAS students to work abroad.
With the rise of globalization, migration of resources from one country to another has become easier. Among these resources is human labor, and in search for better job opportunities, the trend for labor migration continues to increase.
In the Philippines, the flow of labor from within the country has contributed to the nation’s growth and development. This has been made possible through remittances from OFWs. Aside from just helping improve the living standards of their families, OFWs also contribute in the formation of a more stable economy through investments in industries and other related businesses.
Being only a developing country, job opportunities in the Philippines are not as vast as those in the more developed countries especially in the east. This leads to the increase in number of our overseas workers. For Filipinos, in order to survive, going abroad in search for better job opportunities becomes inevitable even if it means separation from their families.
This paper attempts to provide a discussion on how relevant the socio-economic factors namely age, income, sex, family size, and educational attainment are to the decision of OFW family members of UPV-CAS students to work abroad. Comparison between each individual factor will be examined, enabling the determination of the most influential among all the factors presented.
Statement of the Problem
Do the socio-economic factors of age, sex, income, family size, and educational attainment affect the decision of OFW family members of UPV-CAS students to work abroad?
To determine whether the socio-economic factors, age, sex, educational attainment, income, and family size, affect the decision of OFW family members of UPV-CAS students to work abroad. Specific Objectives:
1. To identify the relationship the socio-economic factors age, sex, educational attainment, income and family size to the decision of OFW family members of UPV-CAS students to work abroad; and 2. To determine which of these socio-economic factors is the most influential among the OFW family members of UPV-CAS students
Significance of the Study
This study can contribute to the knowledge and awareness of the importance of working abroad to the Filipino family and to the developing country, since the...
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