The Social Process Theory
The social process theory suggests that criminals are raised in an environment that forms them to make unlawful decisions. People are influenced by what they are taught and their surroundings such as where they were raised, their guardians, and people they associated with. Individuals actions and thought process is going to be based off of what their first instinct is and their first instinct is going to be what they know best. For example, if a boy is raised in a home where their family shows their anger by reacting physically, then that child will be more likely the one that is getting in fights at school than the child who grew up in a home where fighting was never present. No one is born with the mind be a criminal, they are in some way directed to perform the behavior or action they have committed. The social process theory is based off of three other theories that influence criminal behavior.
Some criminal’s behavior is influenced by the people they have close relationships with. “Peoples contacts with their most intimate social companions have the greatest influence on their learning of deviant behavior and attitudes” (Siegal, 1992, p.226). This is known as Social learning theory. If an individual’s criminal behavior is being supported by the people they look up to or know the most they are less likely to make the right choices. From an early age children are taught what behavior is and is not acceptable and learn how to act by what they observe and see. If a child is not disciplined when they do something wrong then they will never know any better. When you’re young you do what is expected of you by your guardians and people around you. Children normally do not pay attention or even know about what is right in the eyes of the law, all they know is that they do not want to make mom or dad mad. Unfortunately, some people that kids look up to are not the best role models and they are technically being trained to...
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