The Singer Solution to World Poverty.
There have been a lot of changes in the past 2 decades globally. On the verge of the globalization many, economic activities have shifted from West to East. Countries like India and China where most of the Investors relocated have played a major role in keeping the average prices on goods at a low level. Businesses that follow the ideology of profit maximization put negative effects on overall well-being of society. Recession of 2008 that was created from burst of housing bubble which put more people in poverty, with loss of jobs, and shelter that was no longer available to them. This created in many countries high level of poverty and high number of unemployment as well. In such business model only few benefit and many suffer. The New York Time magazine in its September 5, 1999 issue published an article "The Singer Solution to World Poverty" by Peter Singer. The article outlined a plan addressing global poverty problems. Mr. Singer, who is a moral philosopher and a professor of Bioethics at Princeton University, proposed a solution that every American should donate money to charities like UNICEF or Oxfam America, organizations that work to help poverty stricken populations. The author is convincing American people not to spent money on not so essential items in everyday life. His solution to world’s poverty is to have developed nations save more money in order to donate to the less fortunate. I find Singer's idea fascinating, but I do not believe it will succeed in today's world. According to Peter Singer in his article raises a question whether it is ethical or moral to live well without giving substantial amounts of money to help others. He describes the bad habits that the most of the people in America have. People with an average income of $50,000 a year spend third of the income on things that are not necessities to them. For example: going to the restaurants frequently, buying new clothes, or doing activities that require spending extra money. He posits the idea that limiting the unnecessary spending will save people from poverty. He argues that consumerism is taking the resources that could benefit poor countries on life necessities. This type of system only benefits one, while weaker ones get even weaker. In Peter Singer’s calculations, $200 in donation would help sick children to live healthy lives. In the paragraph below he shows examples how people can act in a certain way that would enable them to donate money to charities and other organizations that help needy people. The first situation comes from a Brazilian film, where woman called Dora plays a main role. She has an opportunity to make one thousand dollars. All she has to do is persuade a homeless nine year old boy to follow to the specific address. The address has been given to Dora by people who told her that homeless boy will be adopted by wealthy family. She delivers the boy, gets the money, and spends on a television. However her neighbor tells Dora that the boy is too old to be adopted and he will be killed and his organs will be sold for transplantation. She has a choice to save a poor child or continue to live her life, and enjoy the television set. After all she decides to take the boy back. In the second situation, author describes actions of senior citizen by the name Bob who is close to retirement. He has invested most of his money in a very valuable car, a Bugatti. Bob loves his car so much because he knows that the value of that car can only increase, as it ages, which can earn him a decent life once he retires. One day when Bob was driving his expensive Bugatti, he found himself in a dramatic situation where he saw a child that was about to get killed by the runaway train. Bob couldn’t stop the train and child was too far to warn him. Only option in saving kids life he had was to turn the switch and change trains direction, which would have destroyed his fancy car. But he...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document