The Shaping of America

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The geography, population, and natural resources had a strong impact on the development of the colonies in the new world between 1650-1750. Geographical resources such as the amount of farmland, rivers, and forests, natural resources such as fur, lumber, and waterways, as well as the religion and ethnicities that varied throughout New England, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies resulted in differences between how each region developed.

New England had many rivers and harbors, but it was rocky any had poor farmland. Due to the rivers, its resources included fish and waterways. Lumber was also abundant, as well as furs, seeing as the settlers were able to participate in Canadian fur trade. The New England population started with 102 puritans on Plymouth Rock, which then turned into 42 after the first winter. The second group of settlers was the puritans who founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony. There were 1000 of them. Other types of people in New England lived in Rhode Island or Connecticut. In Rhode Island Roger Williams instituted complete freedom of religion, so even Jews and Catholics were welcome there. The largely puritanical nature of New England gave New Englanders a common purpose, the moral health of the community. This created a tight knit society. Also, the formation of towns, which was possible because the farmland was not good enough to have large sprawling farms, made education more prominent. Because the population were Puritans, the government they founded was intertwined with the Church. Because of the democracy in Church, their political government was also very democratic. Also the Calvinist ideas of hard work that the settlers had helped to helped the region to prosper. The geography of the land was also important to shaping New England. The soil was very stony; therefore large crops like tobacco did not work well there because the farms had to be small. Also there close proximity to Canada enabled them to act as the middle man...
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