The Second Vatican Council

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The Second Vatican Council was a council called by Pope John XXIII and was closed by Pope Paul VI, it was a council that focused on the renewal of what the Catholic Church, both as an institution and as a community should be focusing on. Its main issue was the alienation of the people from the celebration and focused on unifying all Catholics and restoring some sense of unity between all Christians while acknowledging the failure in following the mission during times like the protestant reformation. Since our working definition of Church is the “disciples of Jesus who, enlivened by the Holy Spirit, commit themselves to living the Kingdom of God”, we quite literally derive this definition from what was the outcome of Vatican II. Without Vatican II, the idea that the Church’s sole purpose is to follow the mission of Jesus and live the Kingdom of God would never exist. By studying this topic we learn that the church is not infallible, and at times the institution, and the community, can stray off the path. The Council was called as a way to find that path again and return to the correct mission of the church. Its significant for me to have learned about the Second Vatican Council because I now know a lot more about the workings of the church, and the process by which they fix a perceived crisis or issue. Its also important because it sets the table for all other topics of the year, even Dorothy Day, who admittedly was well before her time. Finally it’s interesting to see the way the affect that the Council had on the world today, such as the changes in Mass and the deeper connection with the poor. The seven sacraments are: Baptism, Communion, Penance, Confirmation, Holy Orders, Matrimony, and Anointing of the Sick. These sacraments are tangible signs of Gods love and his saving grace that allow us to grow closer to ourselves and to the church both as an institution and community. Baptism is done as a form of welcoming into...