The Second Persian War

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The alliance of the Persian Empire, ruled by Cyrus the Great, was a major threat to the states of Greece. The solution of the clash between the East and the West was to create the entire future for the region. It was a question of survival for the Greeks; however, for the Persians, occupying Greece was the main focus of the plan. Nonetheless, the Persian Wars were important because the final result was the separation of Greece and the Near East. There was the first Persian war in 490 BC, but the Persians were routed. As they took on a new approach ten years later, the second Persian war unraveled.

The second Persian war was a war of much significance to European history. It was the invasion of Greece from 480 BC to 479 BC; King Xerxes I, of Persia, was determined to conquer Greece during the Greco-Persian Wars; he had an army of over 100,000 men. The invasion was an immediate call to the defeat of the first Persian war of Greece that lasted from 492 BC to 490 BC at the Battle of Marathon. This first invasion ended ruler Darius I's endeavor to subjugate Greece. After his death, Xerxes, his son, planned the second war and gathered an enormous navy and army. Of his many preparations, he sent delegates to spread disoriented information that was designed to erupt many areas of Greece to submit without causing a fight, if possible.

In 481 BC, a year before the official invasion, he set his headquarters at Sardes in Lydia. He compiled troops from every location of the Persian empire, had the top cavalry of the Mediterranean area armed with spear and bow, a fleet of approximately 1,200 ships, and sent envoys to Greek city-states with an exception of Athens and Sparta. The Spartans and the Athenians guided the Greek resistance; about seventy states joined the Allied effort, but most Greek cities submitted to Xerxes or did not side. From the extensive planning, he even made agreements with the Phoenician and Carthaginian cities of the Western...
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