The Second Anglo War

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  • Topic: Second Anglo-Dutch War, Michiel de Ruyter, Raid on the Medway
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The Second Anglo-Dutch War was officially fought between March 4, 1665 and July 31, 1667. 

Second Anglo-Dutch War - Dates:
The Second Anglo-Dutch War was officially fought between March 4, 1665 and July 31, 1667. Several incidents, such as the capture of New Amsterdam by the English (August 27, 1664), occurred prior to the declaration of war. Second Anglo-Dutch War - Key Battles:

* Battle of Lowestoft, June 13, 1665 (Naval, English Victory) * Battle of Vågen, August 2, 1665 (Naval, Dutch Victory) * Four Days Battle, June 11-14, 1666 (Naval, Draw)
* St. James' Day Battle, August 4-5, 1666 (Naval, English Victory) * Medway Raid, June 9-14, 1667 (Naval, Dutch Victory
Second Anglo-Dutch War - Key Commanders:
English
* James, Duke of York
* General-at-Sea George Monck, Duke of Albemarle
* Prince Rupert of the Rhine
* Rear-Admiral Thomas Teddiman
Dutch
* Lieutenant-Admiral Michiel de Ruyter
* Lieutenant-Admiral Cornelis Tromp
* Lieutenant-Admiral Jacob van Wassenaer Obdam
* Cornelis de Witt
Second Anglo-Dutch War - Causes:
The Second Anglo-Dutch War began due to England's desire to end the Dutch domination of world trade. Urged on by his brother, James, Duke of York, King Charles II moved towards war in 1664, by releasing swarms of English privateers to attack Dutch commerce as well as seizing the colony of New Amsterdam (New York) and several trading outposts in West Africa. Charles also acted against the Dutch to insure the future prospects of his nephew, William III of Orange. In response, to the English aggression, the Dutch dispatched a fleet under Michiel de Ruyter to retake their African possessions. Second Anglo-Dutch War - A Maritime War:

On March 4, 1665, following a Dutch order allowing their ships to open fire when threatened, Charles declared war. Fighting began on June 13, when the Duke of York engaged a Dutch fleet off Lowestoft, England. After heavy fighting, the Duke of York inflicted the worst...
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