The Scientific Management of Taylor

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FACULTY OF BUSINESS AND LAW [pic]

Newcastle Business School

IRHR1001

Tutorial Assignment Submission

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Student Name (as in attendance list): HuangHe
������ Student number: C3156275
Fin number: G1044664W
������ Tutorial Group: B2
������ Date of submission: 27/09/2012

Introduction
Taylor used valuable knowledge into work practice, as the appearance of scientific management, the productivity of all the developed countries increased nearly 50 times (Zuo, 2007). In the meanwhile, whether the scientific management is suitable for modern age has sparked much debate. Some people assert that scientific have some limitations. Therefore, this essay tends to analyze several parts of scientific management, some problems caused by it and whether it is suitable to the modern enterprises.

Review of article
As for the given article, Locke (1982) describes the Taylor’s philosophy of management, Taylor’s techniques (time and motion study, standardization, the task, economic men, individualized work, training systems and skills management, careful selection, shorter working hours and rest pauses), the criticisms of Taylor (human motivation towards work, social factors, authoritarianism, exploiting workers, antiunion and dishonest) and the validity of scientific management. Locke, to a large degree, agrees with Taylor that he listed a large amount of evidence to support to viewpoint of Taylor. And he assert that as the along with the development of the age, there exist several problems in the theory of Taylor such as management –labor cooperation. After all, Locke justifies the validity of each criticisms of Taylor. Locke (1982) considered that most of Taylor’s ideas are still valid today.

Comprehension of key theme
Till today, some regulatory regimes formed on the basis of Taylor's scientific management are widely used in enterprises. Robbins, Bergman, Stagg, & Coulter (Taylor, 1912 cited in 2012) defined scientific management is that find the ‘one best way’ to do a job as efficient as possible by using scientific methods and described four principle of Taylorism: 1) develop a scientific method to every factor of workers to replace the old empirical method2) Select and train each workers scientifically rather than leaving them to train themselves. 3) Cooperate with workers to ensure workers working in the way of scientific improvement 4 division of labor Correct. Managers fulfill the responsibility which is equivalent to function and power and carry out the duty which is more suitable to them.

Analysis

Convincing arguments can be made that Frederick W. Taylor’s legacy contribution to business management and its various disciplines is alive and well today(Myers, 2011).To start with, Taylor(1912 cited in Yao&Nie,2007) described one principle of the scientific management: the past workers through long-term practice accumulation of traditional knowledge and skills and summarized as laws and rules and even mathematical formula, in order to discard the unnecessary procedure. “Changing an organization’s technology involves altering its equipment, engineering processes, research techniques, or production methods. This approach should goes back to the scientific management theory of Taylor” (Stoner, Freeman, & Gilbert, 1995cited in Myers, 2011,p.11). Moreover, the other contribution provided by Taylor is the maximization of workers labor efficiency. Taylor suggested that research each person’s personality, performance and ability, in order to find out the possibility development of the worker. After that, gradually, systematically train, help and guide each worker and offer them opportunities to advance (Taylor, 1912 cited in Zhao&Huang, 2008).

On the other hand, it is worth pointing out there are also arguments supporting the opinion that scientific management...
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