The Science of Living Organism

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SNC 2D3 CHAPTER TEST REVIEW- CELL DIVISION

TOPICS:

1. Cell organelles: structure & function
2. Compare & contrast eukaryotes and prokaryotes
3. Diagrams: animal and plant cells
4. Compare & contrast animal and plant cells
5. Diagram: bacterial cells
6. Bacterial cells: structural features & functions
7. Identify the 2 types of reproduction in bacteria
8. Cell cycle
9. Mitosis
10. Cytokinesis in animals and plants
11. Calculate diploid, haploid number and chromosome numbers 12. Cancer: cause, types of tumour, properties of cancer cells 13. Medical imaging technologies
14. Treatment and prevention of cancer
15. Cell specialization (or cell differentiation)
16. Different specialized cells: examples, distinguishable features and function 17. Stem cells: source, types and function.
18. Disadvantages and advantages of embryonic versus adult stem cells 19. Hierarchy of structures in animals
20. Examples and function of different tissues

REVIEW QUESTIONS:

1. Explain how the Endoplasmic Reticulum and the Golgi apparatus work together to form the life function of cells.

2. For each of the cellular structures, indicate a few significant aspects. Include major functions and structural descriptions.

a) Nucleus

b) Chloroplast

c) Food Vacuoles

3. Describe the function of 3 organelles that only plant cells have.

4. Describe 2 unique characteristics of prokaryotes.

5. What is the difference between cilia and flagella?

6. Write the stage of cell cycle that best represents the description below. Note: Some of the phases may be used more than once. a) The chromosomes line up in middle along the equatorial plate. _______________ b) The nuclear membrane starts to disappear. ________________ c) The cell plate forms to separate daughter cells. _______________ d) The chromosomes duplicate during this phase. _________________ e) The cell is building essential molecules such as enzymes,...
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