Bangladesh is traditionally very rich in its musical heritage. From the ancient times, music documented the lives of the people and was widely patronized by the rulers.
Bangla music is well known for it's own forms and styles of music like Rabindra Shangit,Nazrul Shangit,folk(which includes Palli giti,Lalon Shangit,Moromi,Vatiali,Bhandari,Vawaiya,Gajir Geet,Gombhira,Jatra gaan,Pala gaan,kobi gaan etc),Baul Shangit etc. Earliar these forms of music were popular to the people from all sphares of life.
But popular forms of music like folk,Rabindra Shangit,Nazrul Shangit etc are loosing popularity and also loosing quality listeners day by day as most of us do not get the chance to know or learn this forms of music. Still there is a group of people who are still practicing these traditional forms of music and trying to keep this forms alive.But they are not bigger in number then the modern crowd who are adiicted to the new wave of music. At present people are listening to modern,pop,band music,rap,hip-hop,fusion,modern music with western influence and hindi movie songs. So, the music scenerio in Bangladesh is changing. this paper is written to give some reviews and news about the forms of music which are getting populer to the people of Bangladesh and bringing vital changes in the music sector. I think this little afford of mine can make you aware of the present music scenerio in Bangladesh.
Modern music literally means "Adhunik Gaan". Although, to outsiders, this may seem an extremely ambiguous way of nomenclature, it has particular motivations.
In the period just before Indian independence (Bengal, under British rule, was a part of one massive India that does not exactly correspond to the India of current day), several new minor musical groups emerged, mainly as playback songs for movies. These songs failed to fit into any particular genre, but seemed to be tied together by common theme of "music for the masses". Most of the music tended to be aimed at the mainstream audience - popular catchy tunes with simple words that were far moved from the classical ragas (modes). Hence, a miscellaneous category, Adhunik songeet, was created, since, at that time, this music was "modern".
Although over time these so-called "modern" songs have become fairly old, they continue to be called by the same name. Interestingly, this group of song has grown faster than any other, since it is a miscellaneous category that can accommodate anything that fails to fit elsewhere. The common theme continues to exist. So, although the nomenclature itself might not be as insightful, the genre itself is still well-defined.
Though this tradition of music has began it's journey for such a long time,still it is producing a numerous number of listeners and still remained as one of the most popular forms of music.
Among the main contributors to Adhunik songeet were several singers from both West Bengal and Bangladesh. The list can never be completed, but some of the more prolific (and better known) female from Bangladesh are Runa Laila, Shahnaz Rahmatullah, Sabina Yasmin, Shakila Zafar, Samina Chowdhury, Kanak Chapa etc and better known male artists are Abdul Jabbar, Khurshid Alam, Bashir Ahmed, Syed Abdul Hadi, Mahmudun-nabi(deceased) Shubir Nondi, Andrew Kishore, Khalid Hasan Milu(deceased) etc. Most of these creative and qualified artists emerged in early 70's. Some of them are active in the music industry from early 80's. For a very long time, Adhunik gaan played the same role that pop currently plays in the Western World. It was the easy-to-follow and simple song that was fit for people of all age and occupation. It continues to be the most important music among middle-class, white collar Bangladeshi families to this day.
Modern music and western influence:
In the post-independence period, Adhunik songeet continued to attract large proportiones of music enthusiasts. However, with time, newer generations demanded...
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