The Satyagraha of Change

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The Satyagraha of Change

Mahatma Gandhi, known as “Great Soul” and the father of the Indian nation, was assassinated on the 30th of January 1948, a date much too early for him to see his plans for a greater India come true. However, his acts of passive resistance, called satyagraha, against the British were well enough to ultimately lead his country to greater prosperity and finally, independence, significantly developing India’s economy and by altering the face of its social composition as well.

Gandhi greatly endorsed many economic changes for India through his actions of civil disobedience. First of all, his famous Salt March, or the Salt Satyagraha, in 1930 was his largest attempt to improve India’s domestic economy. Gathering over 60,000 people, he led them through a 240-mile march towards the costal town of Dandi where they collected seawater to produce salt themselves (Rudolph). He aimed to protest at the British government’s heavy salt tax, and their monopoly, or exclusive control, on the salt production of India (Trueman). Even though the Salt March ended up with Gandhi’s imprisonment, it was his most significant act of rebellion, which sparked millions of others to follow him and his actions. However, his persistence of satyagraha and his growing fame with the people allowed him to negotiate with the British officers, which then resulted in the alleviation of poverty in the countryside, giving thousands of rural farmers more wage, allowing them to pay back their debts to their landowners (King). To support India’s local textile industry, Gandhi urged citizens to boycott against British cotton goods (Tendulkar 8-9). This undermined British manufacture, which aided in the provocation of the British to hand them back their independence in later stages, and more importantly, revitalized domestic economies in India. Therefore, Gandhi successfully improved India’s economy through his many acts of civil disobedience against the British power....
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