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The Russian Revolution and Animal Farm
In Hitler’s book, Mein Kampf he writes, “All propaganda has to be popular and has to adapt to the perception of the least intelligent of those whom it intends to direct itself.” No one proves this more than George Orwell in his book Animal Farm. This book, posing as a children’s fairy tale is actually a rebellion against the Russian Revolution and Stalin. Orwell shows how people can be fooled by tyrants to believing anything; in doing so and he attacks modern totalitarian governments around the globe. The animals in the story who act as the main characters may seem like regular animals to a child, but upon closer examination and historical reference these are actually representatives for Communist leaders, such as Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky, and others. Critic Bernard Grofman puts it best, “No reader can fully enjoy the book without knowing, for example, that the pig Snowball represents Trotsky and the pig Napoleon represents Stalin” (Grofman 5). This book was not just a fictional story but a complete and utter attack on totalitarianism.
The story Animal Farm begins with a boar named Old Major gathering all the animals together to tell them of a dream he experienced. He tells them that he dreamt of a world where all animals lived together and there were no humans to rule over them. He tells the animals that they must work towards establishing this paradise. After he dies, three pigs- Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer develop a concept called “Animalism.” Animalism is in reality fictional substitute for Karl Marx’s communist vision. Soon all the animals revolt and overthrow Mr. Jones’s farm. They rename it Animal Farm. Animal Farm is an early success; in a collective effort, every animal works hard and remains content. Later Mr. Jones returns with friends to reclaim the farm. However the humans, the former ruling class, are rebuffed by the animals’ collective spirit at the...